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RFC 3868
Signalling Connection Control Part User Adaptation Layer (SUA).
J. Loughney, Ed., G. Sidebottom, L. Coene, G. Verwimp, J. Keller, B. Bidulock. October 2004.

 
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Network Working Group J. Loughney, Ed. Request for Comments: 3868 Nokia Category: Standards Track G. Sidebottom Signatus Technologies L. Coene G. Verwimp Siemens n.v. J. Keller Tekelec B. Bidulock OpenSS7 Corporation October 2004 Signalling Connection Control Part User Adaptation Layer (SUA) Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). Abstract This document defines a protocol for the transport of any Signalling Connection Control Part-User signalling over IP using the Stream Control Transmission Protocol. The protocol is designed to be modular and symmetric, to allow it to work in diverse architectures, such as a Signalling Gateway to IP Signalling Endpoint architecture as well as a peer-to-peer IP Signalling Endpoint architecture. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Table of Contents 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1. Scope. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2. Abbreviations and Terminology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3. Signalling Transport Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.4. Services Provided by the SUA Layer . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1.5. Internal Functions Provided in the SUA Layer . . . . . . 11 1.6. Definition of SUA Boundaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2. Conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3. Protocol Elements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.1. Common Message Header. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2. SUA Connectionless Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3. Connection Oriented Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.4. Signalling Network Management (SNM) Messages . . . . . . 42 3.5. Application Server Process State Maintenance Messages. . 49 3.6. ASP Traffic Maintenance Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3.7. SUA Management Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3.8. Routing Key Management (RKM) Messages. . . . . . . . . . 58 3.9. Common Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 3.10. SUA-Specific parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 4. Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 4.1. Procedures to Support the SUA-User Layer . . . . . . . . 92 4.2. Receipt of Primitives from the Layer Management. . . . . 93 4.3. AS and ASP State Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 4.4. Routing Key Management Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . .109 4.5. Availability and/or Congestion Status of SS7 Destination Support101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112 4.6. MTP3 Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115 4.7. SCCP - SUA Interworking at the SG. . . . . . . . . . . .115 5. Examples of SUA Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 5.1. SG Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 5.2 IPSP Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119 6. Security Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 7. IANA Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 7.1. SCTP Payload Protocol ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 7.2. Port Number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 7.3. Protocol Extensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 8. Timer Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123 9. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123 10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123 10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123 10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124 Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Appendix A. Signalling Network Architecture . . . . . . . . . . .125 A.1. Generalized Peer-to-Peer Network Architecture. . . . . .125 A.2. Signalling Gateway Network Architecture. . . . . . . . .126 A.3. Signalling Gateway Message Distribution Recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129 Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131 1. Introduction There is ongoing integration of switched circuit networks and IP networks. Network service providers are designing IP-based signalling architectures that need support for SS7 and SS7-like signalling protocols. IP provides an effective way to transport user data and for operators to expand their networks and build new services. In these networks, there is need for interworking between the SS7 and IP domains [2719]. This document defines a protocol for the transport SS7 SCCP-User protocols [ANSI SCCP] [ITU SCCP], such as TCAP and RANAP, over IP using the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) [2960]. 1.1. Scope This document details the delivery of SCCP-user messages (MAP & CAP over TCAP [ANSI TCAP] [ITU TCAP], RANAP [RANAP], etc.) messages over IP between two signalling endpoints. Consideration is given for the transport from a signalling gateway to an IP signalling node (such as an IP-resident Database) as described in the Framework Architecture for Signalling Transport [2719]. This protocol can also support transport of SCCP-user messages between two endpoints wholly contained within an IP network. The delivery mechanism addresses the following criteria: * Support for transfer of SCCP-User Part messages * Support for SCCP connectionless service. * Support for SCCP connection oriented service. * Support for the operation of SCCP-User protocol peers. * Support for the management of SCTP transport associations between signalling gateways and IP-based signalling nodes. * Support for distributed IP-based signalling nodes. * Support for the asynchronous reporting of status changes to management functions. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 1.2. Abbreviations and Terminology 1.2.1. Abbreviations CAP - CAMEL Application Protocol. GTT - Global Title Translation. MAP - Mobile Application Protocol. PC - Signalling System no. 7 Point Code. RANAP - Radio Access Network Application Protocol. SCTP - Stream Control Transmission Protocol. SS7 - Signalling System no. 7. TCAP - Transaction Capabilities Application Protocol. 1.2.2. Terminology Signalling Gateway (SG) - Network element that terminates switched circuit networks and transports SCCP-User signalling over IP to an IP signalling endpoint. A Signalling Gateway could be modeled as one or more Signalling Gateway Processes, which are located at the border of the SS7 and IP networks. Where an SG contains more than one SGP, the SG is a logical entity and the contained SGPs are assumed to be coordinated into a single management view to the SS7 network and to the supported Application Servers. Application Server (AS) - A logical entity serving a specific Routing Key. An example of an Application Server is a virtual IP database element handling all requests for an SCCP-user. The AS contains a set of one or more unique Application Server Processes, of which one or more is normally actively processing traffic. Application Server Process (ASP) - An Application Server Process serves as an active or backup process of an Application Server (e.g., part of a distributed signalling node or database element). Examples of ASPs are MGCs, IP SCPs, or IP-based HLRs. An ASP contains an SCTP endpoint and may be configured to process traffic within more than one Application Server. IP Server Process (IPSP) - A process instance of an IP-based application. An IPSP is essentially the same as an ASP, except that it uses SUA in a peer-to-peer fashion. Conceptually, an IPSP does not use the services of a Signalling Gateway. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Signalling Gateway Process (SGP) - A process instance of a Signalling Gateway. It serves as an active, load-sharing or broadcast process of a Signalling Gateway. Signalling Process - A process instance that uses SUA to communicate with other signalling process. An ASP, a SGP and an IPSP are all signalling processes. Association - An association refers to an SCTP association. The association provides the transport for the delivery of SCCP-User protocol data units and SUA layer peer messages. Routing Key - The Routing Key describes a set of SS7 parameters and/or parameter ranges that uniquely defines the range of signalling traffic configured to be handled by a particular Application Server. An example would be where a Routing Key consists of a particular SS7 SCCP SSN plus an identifier to uniquely mark the network that the SSN belongs to, for which all traffic would be directed to a particular Application Server. Routing Keys are mutually exclusive in the sense that a received SS7 signalling message cannot be directed to more than one Routing Key. Routing Keys can be provisioned, for example, by a MIB or registered using SUA's dynamic registration procedures. Routing keys MUST NOT span multiple network appearances. Routing Context - An Application Server Process may be configured to process traffic within more than one Application Server. In this case, the Routing Context parameter is exchanged between the SGP and the ASP (or between two ASPs), identifying the relevant Application Server. From the perspective of an SGP/ASP, the Routing Context uniquely identifies the range of traffic associated with a particular Application Server, which the ASP is configured to receive. There is a 1:1 relationship between a Routing Context value and a Routing Key within an AS. Therefore the Routing Context can be viewed as an index into an AS Table containing the AS Routing Keys. Address Mapping Function (AMF) - The AMF is an implementation dependent function that is responsible for resolving the address presented in the incoming SCCP/SUA message to correct SCTP association for the desired endpoint. The AMF MAY use routing context / routing key information as selection criteria for the appropriate SCTP association. Fail-over - The capability to reroute signalling traffic as required to an alternate Application Server Process, or group of ASPs, within an Application Server in the event of failure or unavailability of a currently used Application Server Process. Fail-over may apply upon the return to service of a previously unavailable Application Server Process. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Host - The computing platform that the SGP or ASP process is running on. Layer Management - Layer Management is a nodal function that handles the inputs and outputs between the SUA layer and a local management entity. Network Appearance - The Network Appearance is an SUA local reference (typically an integer) shared by SG and AS that together with a Signalling Point Code uniquely identifies an SS7 node by indicating the specific SS7 network it belongs to. Network Byte Order - Most significant byte first, a.k.a. Big Endian. Stream - A stream refers to an SCTP stream; a unidirectional logical channel established from one SCTP endpoint to another associated SCTP endpoint, within which all user messages are delivered sequenced except for those submitted to the unordered delivery service. Transport address - an address that serves as a source or destination for the unreliable packet transport service used by SCTP. In IP networks, a transport address is defined by the combination of an IP address and an SCTP port number. Note, only one SCTP port may be defined for each endpoint, but each SCTP endpoint may have multiple IP addresses. 1.3. Signalling Transport Architecture The framework architecture that has been defined for switched circuit networks signalling transport over IP [2719] uses multiple components, including an IP transport protocol, a signalling common transport protocol and an adaptation module to support the services expected by a particular switched circuit networks signalling protocol from its underlying protocol layer. In general terms, the SUA architecture can be modeled as a peer-to- peer architecture. The first section considers the SS7 to IP interworking architectures for connectionless and connection-oriented transport. For this case, it is assumed that the ASP initiates the establishment of the SCTP association with SG. 1.3.1. Protocol Architecture for Connectionless Transport In this architecture, the SCCP and SUA layers interface in the SG. Interworking between the SCCP and SUA layers is needed to provide for the transfer of the user messages as well as the management messages. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 ******** SS7 *************** IP ******** * SEP *---------* *--------* * * or * * SG * * ASP * * STP * * * * * ******** *************** ******** +------+ +------+ | SUAP | | SUAP | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | SCCP | | SCCP | SUA | | SUA | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | MTP3 | | MTP3 | | | | +------+ +------+ SCTP | | SCTP | | MTP2 | | MTP2 | | | | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | L1 | | L1 | IP | | IP | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | | | | +---------------+ +------------+ SUAP - SCCP/SUA User Protocol (TCAP, for example) STP - SS7 Signalling Transfer Point See Appendix A.3.1 for operation recommendations. 1.3.1.1. SG as endpoint In this case, the connectionless SCCP messages are routed on point code (PC) and subsystem number (SSN). The subsystem identified by SSN and Routing Context is regarded as local to the SG. This means from SS7 point of view, the SCCP-user is located at the SG. 1.3.1.2. Signalling Gateway as relay-point A Global Title translation is executed at the signalling gateway, before the destination of the message can be determined. The actual location of the SCCP-user is irrelevant to the SS7 network. GT Translation yields an "SCCP entity set", from which an Application Server can be derived. Selection of the Application Server is based on the SCCP called party address (and possibly other SS7 parameters depending on the implementation). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 1.3.2. Protocol Architecture for Connection-Oriented Transport In this architecture, the SCCP and SUA layers share an interface in the signalling gateway process to associate the two connection sections needed for the connection-oriented data transfer between SEP and ASP. Both connection sections are setup when routing the Connect Request messages from the signalling end point via signalling gateway process to ASP and visa versa. The routing of the Connect Request message is performed in the same way as described in 1.3.1. ******** SS7 *************** IP ******** * SEP/ *---------* SG *--------* ASP * * STP * * * * * ******** *************** ******** +------+ +------+ | SUAP | | SUAP | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | SCCP | | SCCP | SUA | | SUA | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | MTP3 | | MTP3 | | | | +------| +------+ SCTP | | SCTP | | MTP2 | | MTP2 | | | | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | L1 | | L1 | IP | | IP | +------+ +------+------+ +------+ | | | | +---------------+ +------------+ SUAP - SCCP/SUA Application Protocol (e.g., - RANAP/RNSAP) STP - SS7 Signalling Transfer Point See Appendix A.3.2 for operation recommendations. 1.3.3. All IP Architecture This architecture can be used to carry a protocol that uses the transport services of SCCP within an IP network. This allows flexibility in developing networks, especially when interaction between legacy signalling is not needed. The architecture removes the need for signalling gateway functionality. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 ******** IP ******** * IPSP *--------* IPSP * ******** ******** +------+ +------+ | SUAP | | SUAP | +------+ +------+ | SUA | | SUA | +------+ +------+ | SCTP | | SCTP | +------+ +------+ | IP | | IP | +------+ +------+ | | +----------------+ SUAP - SCCP/SUA Application Protocol (e.g., - RANAP/RNSAP) 1.3.4. ASP Fail-over Model and Terminology The SUA protocol supports ASP fail-over functions to support a high availability of transaction processing capability. An Application Server can be considered as a list of all ASPs configured/registered to handle SCCP-user messages within a certain range of routing information, known as a Routing Key. One or more ASPs in the list may normally be active to handle traffic, while others may be inactive but available in the event of failure or unavailability of the active ASP(s). For operation recommendations, see Appendix A. 1.4. Services Provided by the SUA Layer 1.4.1. Support for the transport of SCCP-User Messages The SUA supports the transfer of SCCP-user messages. The SUA layer at the signalling gateway and at the ASP support the seamless transport of user messages between the signalling gateway and the ASP. 1.4.2. SCCP Protocol Class Support Depending upon the SCCP-users supported, the SUA supports the 4 possible SCCP protocol classes transparently. The SCCP protocol classes are defined as follows: Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 * Protocol class 0 provides unordered transfer of SCCP-user messages in a connectionless manner. * Protocol class 1 allows the SCCP-user to select the sequenced delivery of SCCP-user messages in a connectionless manner. * Protocol class 2 allows the bidirectional transfer of SCCP-user messages by setting up a temporary or permanent signalling connection. * Protocol class 3 allows the features of protocol class 2 with the inclusion of flow control. Detection of message loss or mis- sequencing is included. Protocol classes 0 and 1 make up the SCCP connectionless service. Protocol classes 2 and 3 make up the SCCP connection-oriented service. 1.4.3. Native Management Functions The SUA layer provides the capability to indicate errors associated with the SUA-protocol messages and to provide notification to local management and the remote peer as is necessary. 1.4.4. Interworking with SCCP Network Management Functions SUA uses the existing ASP management messages for ASP status handling. The interworking with SCCP management messages consists of DUNA, DAVA, DAUD, DRST, DUPU or SCON messages (defined in section 3) on receipt of SSP, SSA, SST or SSC (defined by SCCP) to the appropriate ASPs. See also chapter 1.4.5. The primitives below are sent between the SCCP and SUA management functions in the SG to trigger events in the IP and SS7 domain. Generic |Specific | Name |Name |ANSI/ITU Reference ----------+-----------+--------------------------------------------- N-State |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.3.2.3.2 (Tab 16/Q.711) |Indication |ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.3.2.3.2 (Tab 8E/T1.112.1) ----------+-----------+--------------------------------------------- N-PCstate |Indication |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.3.2.3.3 (Tab 1/Q.711) | |ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.3.2.3.4 (Tab 8G/T1.112.1) ----------+-----------+--------------------------------------------- N-Coord |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.3.2.3.1 (Tab 15/Q.711) |Indication |ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.3.2.3.3 (Tab 8F/T1.112.1) |Response | |Confirm | Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 10]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 1.4.5. Support for the management between the SGP and ASP. The SUA layer provides interworking with SCCP management functions at the SG for operation between the switched circuit networks and the IP network. It should: * Provide an indication to the SCCP-user at an ASP that a SS7 endpoint/peer is unreachable. * Provide an indication to the SCCP-user at an ASP that a SS7 endpoint/peer is reachable. * Provide congestion indication to SCCP-user at an ASP. * Provide the initiation of an audit of SS7 endpoints at the SG. 1.4.6. Relay function For network scalability purposes, the SUA may be enhanced with a relay functionality to determine the next hop SCTP association toward the destination SUA endpoint. The determination of the next hop may be based on Global Title information (e.g., E.164 number), in analogy with SCCP GTT in SS7 networks, modeled in [ITU-T Q.714]. It may also be based on Hostname information, IP address or pointcode contained in the called party address. This allows for greater scalability, reliability and flexibility in wide-scale deployments of SUA. The usage of a relay function is a deployment decision. 1.5. Internal Functions Provided in the SUA Layer To perform its addressing and relaying capabilities, the SUA makes use of an Address Mapping Function (AMF). This function is considered part of SUA, but the way it is realized is left implementation / deployment dependent (local tables, DNS [3761], LDAP, etc.) The AMF is invoked when a message is received at the incoming interface. The AMF is responsible for resolving the address presented in the incoming SCCP/SUA message to SCTP associations to destinations within the IP network. The AMF will select the appropriate SCTP association based upon routing context / routing key information available. The destination might be the end SUA node or a SUA relay node. The Routing Keys reference an Application Server, which will have one or more ASPs processing traffic for the AS. The availability and status of the ASPs is handled by SUA ASP management messages. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 11]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Possible SS7 address/routing information that comprise a Routing Key entry includes, for example, OPC, DPC, SIO found in the MTP3 routing label, SCCP subsystem number, or Transaction ID. IP addresses and hostnames can also be used as Routing Key Information. It is expected that the routing keys be provisioned via a MIB, dynamic registration or external process, such as a database. 1.5.1. Address Mapping at the SG Normally, one or more ASPs are active in the AS (i.e., currently processing traffic) but in certain failure and transition cases it is possible that there may not be an active ASP available. The SGP will buffer the message destined for this AS for a time T(r) or until an ASP becomes available. When no ASP becomes available before expiry of T(r), the SGP will flush the buffered messages and initiate the appropriate return or refusal procedures. If there is no address mapping match for an incoming message, a default treatment MAY be specified. Possible solutions are to provide a default Application Server to direct all unallocated traffic to a (set of) default ASP(s), or to drop the messages and provide a notification to management. The treatment of unallocated traffic is implementation dependent. 1.5.2. Address Mapping at the ASP To direct messages to the SS7 network, the ASP MAY perform an address mapping to choose the proper SGP for a given message. This is accomplished by observing the Destination Point Code and other elements of the outgoing message, SS7 network status, SGP availability, and Routing Context configuration tables. A Signalling Gateway may be composed of one or more SGPs. There is, however, no SUA messaging to manage the status of an SGP. Whenever an SCTP association to an SGP exists, it is assumed to be available. Also, every SGP of one SG communicating with one ASP regarding one AS provides identical SS7 connectivity to this ASP. An ASP routes responses to the SGP that it received messages from; within the routing context which it is currently active and receiving traffic. 1.5.3. Address Mapping Function at a Relay Node The relay function is invoked when: - Routing is on Global Title Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 12]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 - Routing is on Hostname - Routing is on SSN and PC or SSN and IP Address and the address presented is not the one of the relay node Translation/resolution of the above address information yields one of the following: - Route on SSN: SCTP association ID toward the destination node, SSN and optionally Routing Context and/or IP address. - Route on GT: SCTP association ID toward next relay node, (new) GT and optionally SSN and/or Routing Context. - Routing on Hostname: SCTP association ID toward next relay node, (new) Hostname and optionally SSN and/or Routing Context. - A local SUA-user (combined relay/end node) To prevent looping, an SS7 hop counter is used. The originating end node (be it an SS7 or an IP node) sets the value of the SS7 hop counter to the maximum value (15 or less). Each time the relay function is invoked within an intermediate (relay) node, the SS7 hop counter is decremented. When the value reaches zero, the return or refusal procedures are invoked with reason "Hop counter violation". 1.5.4. SCTP Stream Mapping The SUA supports SCTP streams. Signalling Gateway SG and Application Servers need to maintain a list of SCTP and SUA-users for mapping purposes. SCCP-users requiring sequenced message transfer need to be sent over a stream with sequenced delivery. SUA uses stream 0 for SUA management messages. It is OPTIONAL that sequenced delivery be used to preserve the order of management message delivery. Stream selection based on protocol class: - Protocol class 0: SUA MAY select unordered delivery. The stream selected is based on traffic information available to the SGP or ASP. - Protocol class 1: SUA MUST select ordered delivery. The stream selected is based upon the sequence parameter given by the upper layer over the primitive interface and other traffic information available to the SGP or ASP - Protocol classes 2 and 3: SUA MUST select ordered delivery. The stream selected is based upon the source local reference of the connection and other traffic information available to the SGP or ASP. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 13]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 1.5.5. Flow Control Local Management at an ASP may wish to stop traffic across an SCTP association to temporarily remove the association from service or to perform testing and maintenance activity. The function could optionally be used to control the start of traffic on to a newly available SCTP association. 1.5.6. Congestion Management The SUA layer is informed of local and IP network congestion by means of an implementation-dependent function (e.g., an implementation- dependent indication from the SCTP of IP network congestion). At an ASP or IPSP, the SUA layer indicates congestion to local SCCP- Users by means of an appropriate SCCP primitive (e.g., N-INFORM, N- NOTICE), as per current SCCP procedures, to invoke appropriate upper layer responses. When an SG determines that the transport of SS7 messages is encountering congestion, the SG MAY trigger SS7 SCCP Congestion messages to originating SS7 nodes, per the congestion procedures of the relevant SCCP standard. The triggering of SS7 SCCP Management messages from an SG is an implementation-dependent function. The SUA layer at an ASP or IPSP MAY indicate local congestion to an SUA peer with an SCON message. When an SG receives a congestion message (SCON) from an ASP, and the SG determines that an endpoint is now encountering congestion, it MAY trigger congestion procedures of the relevant SCCP standard. 1.6. Definition of SUA Boundaries 1.6.1. Definition of the upper boundary The following primitives are supported between the SUA and an SCCP- user (a reference to ITU and ANSI sections where these primitives and corresponding parameters are described, is also given): Generic |Specific | Name |Name |ANSI/ITU Reference ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-CONNECT |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.1.1.2.2 (Tab 2/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.1.1.2.2 (Tab 2/T1.112.1) |Response | |Confirm | ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-DATA |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.1.1.2.3 (Tab 3/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.1.1.2.3 (Tab 3/T1.112.1) Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 14]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-EXPEDITED |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.1.1.2.3 (Tab 4/Q.711) DATA |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.1.1.2.3 (Tab 4/T1.112.1) ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-RESET |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.1.1.2.3 (Tab 5/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.1.1.2.3 (Tab 5/T1.112.1) |Response | |Confirm | ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-DISCONNECT|Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.1.1.2.4 (Tab 6/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.1.1.2.4 (Tab 6/T1.112.1) ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-INFORM |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.1.1.3.2 (Tab 8/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.1.1.2.5 (Tab 6A/T1.112.1) ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-UNITDATA |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.2.2.3.1 (Tab 12/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.2.2.3.1 (Tab 8A/T1.112.1) ------------+----------+------------------------------------------- N-NOTICE |Indication|ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.2.2.3.2 (Tab 13/Q.711) | |ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.2.2.3.2 (Tab 8B/T1.112.1) ------------+----------+-------------------------------------------- N-STATE |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.3.2.3.2 (Tab 16/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.3.2.3.2 (Tab 8E/T1.112.1) ------------+----------+-------------------------------------------- N-PCSTATE |Indication|ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.3.2.3.3 (Tab 17/Q.711) | |ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.3.2.3.4 (Tab 8G/T1.112.1) ------------+----------+-------------------------------------------- N-COORD |Request |ITU-Q.711 Chap 6.3.2.3.1 (Tab 15/Q.711) |Indication|ANSI-T1.112 Chap 2.3.2.3.3 (Tab 8F/T1.112.1) |Response | |Confirm | 1.6.2. Definition of the lower boundary The upper layer primitives provided by the SCTP are provided in [SCTP]. 1.6.3. Definition of the Boundary between SUA and Layer Management M-SCTP_ESTABLISH request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to establish an SCTP association with its peer. M-SCTP_ESTABLISH confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: ASP confirms to LM that it has established an SCTP association with its peer. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 15]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 M-SCTP_ESTABLISH indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA informs LM that a remote ASP has established an SCTP association. M-SCTP_RELEASE request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to release an SCTP association with its peer. M-SCTP_RELEASE confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: ASP confirms to LM that it has released SCTP association with its peer. M-SCTP_RELEASE indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA informs LM that a remote ASP has released an SCTP Association or the SCTP association has failed. M-SCTP RESTART indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA informs LM that an SCTP restart indication has been received. M-SCTP_STATUS request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests SUA to report the status of an SCTP association. M-SCTP_STATUS confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA responds with the status of an SCTP association. M-SCTP STATUS indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports the status of an SCTP association. M-ASP_STATUS request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests SUA to report the status of a local or remote ASP. M-ASP_STATUS confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports status of local or remote ASP. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 16]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 M-AS_STATUS request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests SUA to report the status of an AS. M-AS_STATUS confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports the status of an AS. M-NOTIFY indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports that it has received a Notify message from its peer. M-ERROR indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports that it has received an Error message from its peer or that a local operation has been unsuccessful. M-ASP_UP request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to start its operation and send an ASP Up message to its peer. M-ASP_UP confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: ASP reports that is has received an ASP UP Ack message from its peer. M-ASP_UP indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports it has successfully processed an incoming ASP Up message from its peer. M-ASP_DOWN request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to stop its operation and send an ASP Down message to its peer. M-ASP_DOWN confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: ASP reports that is has received an ASP Down Ack message from its peer. M-ASP_DOWN indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports it has successfully processed an incoming ASP Down message from its peer, or the SCTP association has been lost/reset. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 17]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 M-ASP_ACTIVE request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to send an ASP Active message to its peer. M-ASP_ACTIVE confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: ASP reports that is has received an ASP Active Ack message from its peer. M-ASP_ACTIVE indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports it has successfully processed an incoming ASP Active message from its peer. M-ASP_INACTIVE request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to send an ASP Inactive message to its peer. M-ASP_INACTIVE confirm Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: ASP reports that is has received an ASP Inactive Ack message from its peer. M-ASP_INACTIVE indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports it has successfully processed an incoming ASP Inactive message from its peer. M-AS_ACTIVE indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports that an AS has moved to the AS-ACTIVE state. M-AS_INACTIVE indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports that an AS has moved to the AS-INACTIVE state. M-AS_DOWN indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA reports that an AS has moved to the AS-DOWN state. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 18]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 If the SUA layer supports dynamic registration of Routing Key, the layer MAY support the following additional primitives: M-RK_REG request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to register RK(s) with its peer by sending REG REQ message. M-RK_REG confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: ASP reports that it has received REG RSP message with registration status as successful from its peer. M-RK_REG indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA informs LM that it has successfully processed an incoming REG REQ message. M-RK_DEREG request Direction: LM -> SUA Purpose: LM requests ASP to deregister RK(s) with its peer by sending DEREG REQ message. M-RK_DEREG confirm Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: ASP reports that it has received DEREG RESP message with deregistration status as successful from its peer. M-RK_DEREG indication Direction: SUA -> LM Purpose: SUA informs LM that it has successfully processed an incoming DEREG REQ from its peer. 2. Conventions The keywords MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHALL, SHALL NOT, SHOULD, SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, NOT RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL, when they appear in this document, are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [2119]. 3. Protocol Elements The general message format includes a Common Message Header together with a list of zero or more parameters as defined by the Message Type. For forward compatibility, all Message Types may have attached parameters even if none are specified in this version. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 19]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The Reserved field is set to 0 in messages sent and is not to be examined in messages received. 3.1. Common Message Header The protocol messages for the SCCP-User Adaptation Protocol requires a message structure which contains a version, message class, message type, message length and message contents. This message header is common among all signalling protocol adaptation layers: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Version | Reserved | Message Class | Message Type | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Message Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Message Data | Note that the 'data' portion of SUA messages SHALL contain SCCP-User data, not the encapsulated SCCP message. Optional parameters can only occur at most once in an SUA message. 3.1.1. SUA Protocol Version The version field (ver) contains the version of the SUA adaptation layer. The supported versions are: 1 SUA version 1.0 3.1.2. Message Classes Message Classes 0 SUA Management (MGMT) Message 1 Reserved 2 Signalling Network Management (SNM) Messages 3 ASP State Maintenance (ASPSM) Messages 4 ASP Traffic Maintenance (ASPTM) Messages 5 Reserved 6 Reserved 7 Connectionless Messages 8 Connection-Oriented Messages 9 Routing Key Management (RKM) Messages. 10 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128 - 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 20]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.1.3. Message Types SUA Management Messages 0 Error (ERR) 1 Notify (NTFY) 2 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128- 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions Signalling Network Management (SNM) Messages 0 Reserved 1 Destination Unavailable (DUNA) 2 Destination Available (DAVA) 3 Destination State Audit (DAUD) 4 Signalling Congestion (SCON) 5 Destination User Part Unavailable (DUPU) 6 Destination Restricted (DRST) 7 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128 - 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions Application Server Process State Maintenance (ASPSM) Messages 0 Reserved 1 ASP Up (UP) 2 ASP Down (DOWN) 3 Heartbeat (BEAT) 4 ASP Up Ack (UP ACK) 5 ASP Down Ack (DOWN ACK) 6 Heartbeat Ack (BEAT ACK) 7 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128 - 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions ASP Traffic Maintenance (ASPTM) Messages 0 Reserved 1 ASP Active (ACTIVE) 2 ASP Inactive (INACTIVE) 3 ASP Active Ack (ACTIVE ACK) 4 ASP Inactive Ack (INACTIVE ACK) 5 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128 - 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 21]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Routing Key Management (RKM) Messages 0 Reserved 1 Registration Request (REG REQ) 2 Registration Response (REG RSP) 3 Deregistration Request (DEREG REQ) 4 Deregistration Response (DEREG RSP) 5 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128 - 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions Connectionless (CL) Messages 0 Reserved 1 Connectionless Data Transfer (CLDT) 2 Connectionless Data Response (CLDR) 3 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128 - 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions Connection-Oriented (CO) Messages 0 Reserved 1 Connection Request (CORE) 2 Connection Acknowledge (COAK) 3 Connection Refused (COREF) 4 Release Request (RELRE) 5 Release Complete (RELCO) 6 Reset Confirm (RESCO) 7 Reset Request (RESRE) 8 Connection Oriented Data Transfer (CODT) 9 Connection Oriented Data Acknowledge (CODA) 10 Connection Oriented Error (COERR) 11 Inactivity Test (COIT) 12 - 127 Reserved by the IETF 128 - 255 Reserved for IETF-Defined Message Class Extensions 3.1.4. Message Length The Message Length defines the length of the message in octets, including the header and including all padding bytes. Message Length is a 32-bit identifier. 3.1.5. Tag-Length-Value Format SUA messages consist of a Common Header followed by zero or more parameters, as defined by the message type. The Tag-Length-Value (TLV) parameters contained in a message are defined in a Tag-Length- Value format as shown below. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 22]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Parameter Tag | Parameter Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ \ \ / Parameter Value / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameter Tag: 16 bits (unsigned integer) Tag field is a 16-bit identifier of the type of parameter. It takes a value of 0 to 65535. Parameter Length: 16 bits (unsigned integer) The Parameter Length field contains the size of the parameter in bytes, including the Parameter Tag, Parameter Length, and Parameter Value fields. The Parameter Length does not include any padding bytes. However, composite parameters will contain all padding bytes, since all parameters contained within this composite parameter will be considered multiples of 4 bytes. Parameter Value: variable-length. The Parameter Value field contains the actual information to be transfered in the parameter. The total length of a parameter (including Tag, Parameter Length and Value fields) MUST be a multiple of 4 bytes. If the length of the parameter is not a multiple of 4 bytes, the sender pads the parameter at the end (i.e., after the Parameter Value field) with all zero bytes. The length of the padding is NOT included in the parameter length field. A sender SHOULD NOT pad with more than 3 bytes. The receiver MUST ignore the padding bytes. Implementation note: The use of TLV in principle allows the parameters to be placed in a random order in the message. However, some guidelines should be considered for easy processing in the following order: - Parameters needed to correctly process other message parameters, preferably should precede these parameters (such as Routing Context). - Mandatory parameters preferably SHOULD precede any optional parameters. - The data parameter will normally be the final one in the message. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 23]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 - The receiver SHOULD accept parameters in any order, except where explicitly mandated. 3.2. SUA Connectionless Messages The following section describes the SUA Connectionless transfer messages and parameter contents. The general message format includes a Common Message Header together with a list of zero or more parameters as defined by the Message Type. All Message Types can have attached parameters. 3.2.1. Connectionless Data Transfer (CLDT) This message transfers data between one SUA to another. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0115 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Protocol Class | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0102 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Source Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0103 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Destination Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0116 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence Control | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0101 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SS7 Hop Count | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Importance | Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 24]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0114 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Message Priority | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0013 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Correlation ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0117 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Segmentation | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010B | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Protocol Class Mandatory Source Address Mandatory Destination Address Mandatory Sequence Control Mandatory SS7 Hop Count Optional Importance Optional Message Priority Optional Correlation ID Optional Segmentation Optional Data Mandatory Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP messages: unitdata (UDT), extended unitdata (XUDT), long unitdata (LUDT). 3.2.2. Connectionless Data Response (CLDR) This message is used as a response message by the peer to report errors in the received CLDT message, when the return on error option is set. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 25]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0106 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SCCP Cause | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0102 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Source Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0103 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Destination Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0101 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SS7 Hop Count | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Importance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0114 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Message Priority | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0013 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Correlation ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0117 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Segmentation | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010b | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+- / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 26]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Parameters Routing Context Mandatory SCCP Cause Mandatory Source Address Mandatory Destination Address Mandatory SS7 Hop Count Optional Importance Optional Message Priority Optional Correlation ID Optional Segmentation Optional Data Optional Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP messages: unitdata service (UDTS), extended unitdata service (XUDTS) and long unitdata service (LUDTS). 3.3. Connection Oriented Messages 3.3.1. Connection Oriented Data Transfer (CODT) This message transfers data between one SUA to another for connection-oriented service. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 27]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0107 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0114 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Message Priority | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0013 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Correlation ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010b | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Sequence Number Optional *1 Destination Reference Number Mandatory Message Priority Optional Correlation ID Optional Data Mandatory NOTE *1: This parameter is not present in case of Expedited Data (ED). Implementation note: For the CODT to represent DT1, DT2 and ED messages, the following conditions MUST be met: DT1 is represented by a CODT when: Sequence Number parameter is present (contains "more" indicator). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 28]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 DT2 is represented by a CODT when: Sequence Number parameter is present (contains P(S), P(R) and more indicator) ED is represented by a CODT with: Sequence Number parameter is not present 3.3.2. Connection Oriented Data Acknowledge (CODA) The peer uses this message to acknowledge receipt of data. This message is used only with protocol class 3. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0108 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Receive Sequence Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010A | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Credit | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory Receive Sequence Number Optional *1 Credit Mandatory *1 NOTE *1: Mandatory when representing Data Acknowledgement (AK). Implementation note: For the CODA to represent DA and EA messages, the following conditions MUST be met: DA is represented by a CODA when: Receive Sequence Number parameter is present (contains P(S), P(R) and more indicator) Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 29]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 EA is represented by a CODA when: Receive Sequence Number parameter is not present 3.3.3. Connection Request (CORE) This message is used for establishing a signalling connection between two peer endpoints. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0115 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Protocol Class | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0103 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Destination Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0116 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence Control | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0107 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0102 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Source Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0101 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SS7 Hop Count | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 30]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 | Importance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0114 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Message Priority | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010A | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Credit | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010b | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Protocol Class Mandatory Source Reference Number Mandatory Destination Address Mandatory Sequence Control Mandatory Sequence Number Optional *1 Source Address Optional SS7 Hop Count Optional Importance Optional Message Priority Optional Credit Optional *1 Data Optional NOTE *1: Mandatory for protocol class 3 only. Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: Connection Request (CR). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 31]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.4. Connection Acknowledge (COAK) This message is used to acknowledge a connection request from the peer endpoint. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0115 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Protocol Class | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x01116 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence Control | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010A | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Credit | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0102 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Source Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Importance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0114 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Message Priority | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0103 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 32]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 / Destination Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010b | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Protocol Class Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory Source Reference Number Mandatory Sequence Control Mandatory Credit Mandatory *2 Source Address Optional Importance Optional Message Priority Optional Destination Address Optional *1 Data Optional NOTE *1: Destination Address parameter will be present in case that the received CORE message conveys the Source Address parameter. NOTE *2: Only applicable for protocol class 3. Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: Connection Confirm (CC). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 33]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.5. Connection Refused (COREF) This message is used to refuse a connection request between two peer endpoints. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0106 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SCCP Cause | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0102 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Source Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0103 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Destination Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Importance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010B | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 34]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory SCCP Cause Mandatory Source Address Optional Destination Address Optional *1 Importance Optional Data Optional Note *1: Destination Address parameter will be present in case that the received CORE message conveys the Source Address parameter. Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: Connection REFused (CREF). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 35]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.6. Release Request (RELRE) This message is used to request a signalling connection between two peer endpoints be released. All associated resources can then be released. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0106 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SCCP Cause | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Importance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010b | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory Source Reference Number Mandatory SCCP Cause Mandatory Importance Optional Data Optional Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: connection ReLeaSeD (RLSD). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 36]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.7. Release Complete (RELCO) This message is used to acknowledge the release of a signalling connection between two peer endpoints. All associated resources should be released. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Importance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory Source Reference Number Mandatory Importance Optional Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: ReLease Complete (RLC). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 37]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.8. Reset Request (RESRE) This message is used to indicate that the sending SCCP/SUA wants to initiate a reset procedure (reinitialization of sequence numbers) to the peer endpoint. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0106 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SCCP Cause | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory Source Reference Number Mandatory SCCP Cause Mandatory Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: ReSet Request (RSR). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 38]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.9. Reset Confirm (RESCO) This message is used to confirm the Reset Request. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory Source Reference Number Mandatory Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: ReSet Confirmation (RSC). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 39]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.10. Connection Oriented Error (COERR) The COERR message is sent to indicate a protocol data unit error. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0106 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SCCP Cause | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Destination Reference Number Mandatory SCCP Cause Mandatory Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: Protocol Data Unit ERRor (ERR). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 40]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.3.11. Connection Oriented Inactivity Test (COIT) This message is used for auditing the signalling connection state and the consistency of connection data at both ends of the signalling connection. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0115 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Protocol Class | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0107 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010A | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Credit | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Mandatory Protocol Class Mandatory Source Reference Number Mandatory Destination Reference number Mandatory Sequence Number Mandatory *1 Credit Mandatory *1 NOTE *1: Information in these parameter fields reflects those values sent in the last data form 2 or data acknowledgement message. They are ignored if the protocol class indicates class 2. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 41]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Implementation note: This message covers the following SCCP message: Inactivity Test (IT). 3.4. Signalling Network Management (SNM) Messages 3.4.1. Destination Unavailable (DUNA) In the scope of SUA, this message is covered by the PC- or N-state indication passed between SCCP and local SCCP-user. The DUNA message is sent from the SG or relay node to all concerned ASPs (servicing SCCP-users considered local to the SG or relay node, see chapter 1.3.1.1), when a destination or SCCP-user has become unreachable. The SUA-User at the ASP is expected to stop traffic to the affected destination or SCCP-user through the SG or relay node initiating the DUNA. The format for DUNA Message parameters is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Affected Point Code / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8003 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SSN | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0112 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SMI | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 42]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Parameters Routing Context Optional Affected Point Code Mandatory *1 SSN Optional *1 SMI Optional Info String Optional Note 1: When the SSN is included, the DUNA message corresponds to the SCCP N-STATE primitive. When SSN is not, the DUNA message corresponds to the SCCP N-PCSTATE primitive. The Affected Point Code parameter can only contain one point code when SSN is present. 3.4.2. Destination Available (DAVA) In the scope of SUA, this message is covered by the PC- and N-state indication passed between SCCP and local SCCP-user. The DAVA message is sent from the SG or relay node to all concerned ASPs (servicing SCCP-users considered local to the SG or relay node, see chapter 1.3.1.1) to indicate that a destination (PC or SCCP-user) is now reachable. The ASP SUA-User protocol is expected to resume traffic to the affected destination through the SG or relay node initiating the DAVA. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 43]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Affected Point Code / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8003 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SSN | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0112 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SMI | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Optional Affected Point Code Mandatory *1 SSN Optional *1 SMI Optional Info String Optional Note 1: When the SSN is included, the DAVA message corresponds to the SCCP N-STATE primitive. When SSN is not included, the DAVA message corresponds to the SCCP N-PCSTATE primitive. The Affected Point Code can only contain one point code when SSN is present. 3.4.3. Destination State Audit (DAUD) The DAUD message can be sent from the ASP to the SG (or relay node) to query the availability state of the routes to an affected destination. A DAUD may be sent periodically after the ASP has received a DUNA, until a DAVA is received. The DAUD can also be sent when an ASP recovers from isolation from the SG (or relay node). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 44]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Affected Point Code / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8003 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SSN | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010C | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | User/Cause | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Optional Affected Point Code Mandatory *1 SSN Optional *1 User / Cause Optional Info String Optional Note 1: If the SSN is present, the DAUD is "soliciting" N-STATE primitives, otherwise it is "soliciting" N-PCSTATE primitives. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 45]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.4.4. Signalling Congestion (SCON) The SCON message can be sent from the SG or relay node to all concerned ASPs to indicate that the congestion level in the SS7 network to a specified destination has changed. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Affected Point Code / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8003 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SSN | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0118 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Congestion Level | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0112 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SMI | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Optional Affected Point Code Mandatory *1 SSN Optional *1 Congestion Level Mandatory SMI Optional Info String Optional Note 1: When the SSN is included, the SCON message corresponds to the SCCP N-STATE primitive. When the SSN is not included, the SCON message corresponds to the SCCP Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 46]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 N-PCSTATE primitive reporting signalling point or network congestion status. 3.4.5. Destination User Part Unavailable (DUPU) The DUPU message is used by an SG to inform an ASP that a remote peer at an SS7 node is unavailable. The format for DUPU message parameters is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Affected Point Code / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010C | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | User/Cause | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ \ \ / INFO String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Optional Affected Point Code Mandatory *1 User/Cause Mandatory Info String Optional Note 1: The DUPU corresponds to the SCCP N-PCSTATE primitive. 3.4.6. Destination Restricted (DRST) The DRST message is optionally sent from the SG to all concerned ASPs to indicate that the SG has determined that one or more destinations are now restricted from the point of view of the SG, or in response to a DAUD message if appropriate. The SUA layer at the ASP is Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 47]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 expected to send traffic to the affected destination via an alternate SG of equal priority, but only if such an alternate route exists and is available. If the ASP currently considers the affected destination unavailable, the peer should be informed that traffic to the affected destination could be resumed. In this case, the SUA layer should route the traffic through the SG initiating the DRST message. This message is optional for the SG to send and it is optional for the ASP to act on any information received in the message. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Affected Point Code / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8003 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | SSN | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0112 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | SMI | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Optional Affected Point Code Mandatory *1 SSN Optional *1 SMI Optional *1 Info String Optional Note 1: The Affected Point Code refers to the node to which become restricted or which has requested coordinated service outage. When SSN is included in the message Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 48]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 parameter, the DRST message corresponds to the SCCP N-COORD primitive. If the SMI parameter is also included in the message, the DRST message corresponds to the N-COORD Request and N-COORD Indication primitives, otherwise, the DRST message correspondence to the N-COORD Response and N-COORD Confirm primitives. The Affected Point Code can only contain one point code when SSN is present. When SSN is not present, DRST corresponds to N-PCSTATE primitive. 3.5. Application Server Process State Maintenance Messages 3.5.1. ASP Up (UP) The ASP UP (UP) message is used to indicate to a remote SUA peer that the Adaptation layer is up and running. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0011 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ASP Identifier | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters ASP Identifier Optional *1 Info String Optional Note 1: ASP Identifier MUST be used where the IPSP/SGP cannot identify the ASP by provisioned address/port number information (e.g., where an ASP is resident on a Host using dynamic address/port number assignment). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 49]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.5.2. ASP Up Ack (UP ACK) The ASP UP Ack message is used to acknowledge an ASP-Up message received from a remote SUA peer. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Info String Optional 3.5.3. ASP Down (DOWN) The ASP Down (DOWN) message is used to indicate to a remote SUA peer that the adaptation layer is not running. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Info String Optional Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 50]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.5.4. ASP Down Ack (DOWN ACK) The ASP DOWN Ack message is used to acknowledge an ASP-Down message received from a remote SUA peer. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Info String Optional Note: ASP DOWN ACK will always be sent to acknowledge an ASP DOWN. 3.5.5. Heartbeat (BEAT) The Heartbeat message is optionally used to ensure that the SUA peers are still available to each other. The format for the BEAT message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0009 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Heartbeat Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Heartbeat Data Optional Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 51]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.5.6. Heartbeat Ack (BEAT ACK) The Heartbeat ACK message is sent in response to a BEAT message. A peer MUST send a BEAT ACK in response to a BEAT message. It includes all the parameters of the received Heartbeat message, without any change. The format for the BEAT ACK message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0009 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Heartbeat Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Heartbeat Data Optional Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 52]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.6. ASP Traffic Maintenance Messages 3.6.1. ASP Active (ACTIVE) The ASPAC message is sent by an ASP to indicate to a remote SUA peer that it is Active and ready to process signalling traffic for a particular Application Server. The format for the ACTIVE message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x000B | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Traffic Mode Type | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0110 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | TID Label | +-------------------------------+-------------------------------+ | Tag = 0x010F | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | DRN Label | +-------------------------------+-------------------------------+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Traffic Mode Type Optional Routing Context Optional TID Label Optional DRN Label Optional Info String Optional Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 53]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.6.2. ASP Active Ack (ACTIVE ACK) The ASPAC Ack message is used to acknowledge an ASP-Active message received from a remote SUA peer. The format for the ACTIVE Ack message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x000B | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Traffic Mode Type | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Traffic Mode Type Optional Routing Context Mandatory Info String Optional Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 54]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.6.3. ASP Inactive (INACTIVE) The INACTIVE message is sent by an ASP to indicate to a remote SUA peer that it is no longer processing signalling traffic within a particular Application Server. The format for the ASPIA message parameters is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / INFO String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Parameters Routing Context Optional INFO String Optional 3.6.4. ASP Inactive Ack (INACTIVE ACK) The INACTIVE Ack message is used to acknowledge an ASP-Inactive message received from a remote SUA peer. The format for the INACTIVE Ack message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / INFO String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 55]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Parameters Routing Context Optional INFO String Optional 3.7. SUA Management Messages These messages are used for managing SUA and the representations of the SCCP subsystems in the SUA layer. 3.7.1. Error (ERR) The ERR message is sent between two SUA peers to indicate an error situation. The Diagnostic Information parameter is optional, possibly used for error logging and/or debugging. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x000C | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Error Code | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Mask | Affected PC 1 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / ... / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Mask | Affected PC n | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010D | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Network Appearance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0007 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Diagnostic Info / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 56]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Parameters Error Code Mandatory Routing Context Mandatory *1 Network Appearance Mandatory *1 Affected Point Code Mandatory *1 Diagnostic Information Optional Note 1: Only mandatory for specific error codes. 3.7.2. Notify (NTFY) The Notify message used to provide an autonomous indication of SUA events to an SUA peer. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x000D | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Status | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0011 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ASP Identifier | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+- | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The NTFY message contains the following parameters: Parameters Status Mandatory ASP Identifier Optional *1 Routing Context Optional Info String Optional Note 1: ASP Identifier MUST be used where the IPSP/SGP cannot identify the ASP by provisioned address/port number information (e.g., where an ASP is resident on a Host using dynamic address/port number assignment). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 57]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.8. Routing Key Management (RKM) Messages 3.8.1. Registration Request (REG REQ) The REG REQ message is sent by an ASP to indicate to a remote SUA peer that it wishes to register one or more given Routing Keys with the remote peer. Typically, an ASP would send this message to an SGP, and expects to receive a REG RSP message in return with an associated Routing Context value. The format for the REG REQ message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010E | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Key 1 / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / ... / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010E | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Key n / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0109 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ASP Capabilities | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The REG REQ message contains the following parameters: Parameters Routing Key Mandatory *1 ASP Capabilities Optional Note 1: One or more Routing Key parameters MAY be included in a single REG REQ message. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 58]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.8.2. Registration Response (REG RSP) The REG RSP message is sent by an SG to an ASP indicate the result of a previous REG REQ from an ASP. It contains indications of success/failure for registration requests and returns a unique Routing Context value for successful registration requests, to be used in subsequent SUA Traffic Management protocol messages. The format for the REG RSP message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0014 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Registration Result 1 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / ... / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0014 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Registration Result n | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The REG RSP message contains the following parameters: Parameters Registration Result Mandatory *1 Note 1: One or more Registration Result parameters MAY be included in a single REG RSP message. The number of results in a single REG RSP message can be anywhere from one to the total number of Routing Key parameters found in the corresponding REG REQ message. 3.8.3. Deregistration Request (DEREG REQ) The DEREG REQ message is sent by an ASP to indicate to a remote SUA peer that it wishes to deregister a given Routing Key. Typically, an ASP would send this message to an SGP, and expects to receive a DEREG RSP message in return with the associated Routing Context value. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 59]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The format for the DEREG REQ message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The DEREG REQ message contains the following parameters: Parameters Routing Context Mandatory 3.8.4. Deregistration Response (DEREG RSP) The DEREG RSP message is used as a response to the DEREG REQ message from a remote SUA peer. The format for the DEREG RSP message is as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0015 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Deregistration Result 1 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / ... / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0015 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Deregistration Result n | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The DEREG RSP message contains the following parameters: Parameters Deregistration Result Mandatory *1 Note 1: One or more Deregistration Result parameters MAY be included in one DEREG RSP message. The number of results in a single DEREG RSP message can be anywhere from one to the total number of Routing Context parameters found in the corresponding DEREG REQ message. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 60]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.9. Common Parameters These TLV parameters are common across the different adaptation layers. Parameter Name Parameter ID ============== ============ Reserved 0x0000 Not used in SUA 0x0001 Not used in SUA 0x0002 Not used in SUA 0x0003 Info String 0x0004 Not used in SUA 0x0005 Routing Context 0x0006 Diagnostic Info 0x0007 Not used in SUA 0x0008 Heartbeat Data 0x0009 Not Used in SUA 0x000A Traffic Mode Type 0x000B Error Code 0x000C Status 0x000D Not used in SUA 0x000E Not used in SUA 0x000F Not used in SUA 0x0010 ASP Identifier 0x0011 Affected Point Code 0x0012 Correlation ID 0x0013 Registration Result 0x0014 Deregistration Result 0x0015 Registration Status 0x0016 Deregistration Status 0x0017 Local Routing Key Identifier 0x0018 3.9.1. Not Used Use of Parameter ID 0x0001 in SUA messages is not supported. 3.9.2. Not Used Use of Parameter ID 0x0002 in SUA messages is not supported. 3.9.3. Not Used Use of Parameter ID 0x0003 in SUA messages is not supported. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 61]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.9.4. Info String The optional INFO String parameter can carry any meaningful UTF-8 [3629] character string along with the message. Length of the INFO String parameter is from 0 to 255 octets. No procedures are presently identified for its use but service providers may use the INFO String for debugging purposes. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0004 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Info String / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 3.9.5. Not Used in SUA Use of Parameter ID 0x0005 in SUA messages is not supported. 3.9.6. Routing Context 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Routing Context / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Routing Context parameter contains (a list of) 4-byte unsigned integers indexing the Application Server traffic that the sending ASP is configured/registered to receive. There is a one-to-one relationship between an index entry and a Routing Key or AS Name. An Application Server Process may be configured to process traffic for more than one logical Application Server. From the perspective of an ASP, a Routing Context defines a range of signalling traffic that the ASP is currently configured to receive from the SG. Additionally, the Routing Context parameter identifies the SS7 network context for the message, for the purposes of logically separating the signalling traffic between the SGP and the Application Server Process over a common SCTP Association, when needed. An example is where an SGP is logically partitioned to appear as an Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 62]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 element in several different national SS7 networks. It implicitly defines the SS7 Point Code format used, the SS7 Network Indicator value and SCCP protocol type/variant/version used within a separate SS7 network. It also defines the network context for the PC and SSN values. Where an SGP operates in the context of a single SS7 network, or individual SCTP associations are dedicated to each SS7 network context, this functionality is not needed. If the Routing Context parameter is present, it SHOULD be the first parameter in the message as it defines the format and/or interpretation of the parameters containing a PC or SSN value. 3.9.7. Diagnostic Information The Diagnostic Information can be used to convey any information relevant to an error condition, to assist in the identification of the error condition. In the case of an Adaptation Layer Identifier or Traffic Handling Mode, the Diagnostic Information includes the received parameter. In the other cases, the Diagnostic information may be the first 40 bytes of the offending message. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0007 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Diagnostic Information / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 3.9.8. Not Used Parameter ID 0x0008 is not used in SUA. 3.9.9. Heartbeat Data The sending node defines the Heartbeat Data field contents. It may include a Heartbeat Sequence Number and/or Timestamp, or other implementation specific details. The receiver of a Heartbeat message does not process this field as it is only of significance to the sender. The receiver echoes the content of the Heartbeat Data in a BEAT-Ack message. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 63]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0009 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Heartbeat Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The data field can be used to store information in the heartbeat message useful to the sending node (e.g., the data field can contain a time stamp, a sequence number, etc.). 3.9.10. Not Used Parameter ID 0x000A is not used in SUA. 3.9.11. Traffic Mode Type The Traffic Mode Type parameter identifies the traffic mode of operation of the ASP within an AS. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x000B | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Traffic Mode Type | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The valid values for Type are shown in the following table. 1 Override 2 Loadshare 3 Broadcast Within a Routing Context, Override, Loadshare Types and Broadcast cannot be mixed. The Override value indicates that the ASP is operating in Override mode, and the ASP wishes to take over all traffic for an Application Server (i.e., primary/backup operation), overriding any currently active ASP in the AS. In Loadshare mode, the ASP wishes to share in the traffic distribution with any other currently active ASPs. In Broadcast mode, the ASP wishes to receive the same traffic as any other currently active ASPs. When there are insufficient ASPs, the sender may immediately move the ASP to Active. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 64]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.9.12. Error Code 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag =0x000C | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Error Code | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Error Code parameter indicates the reason for the Error Message. The Error parameter value can be one of the following values: 0x01 Invalid Version 0x02 Not Used in SUA 0x03 Unsupported Message Class 0x04 Unsupported Message Type 0x05 Unsupported Traffic Handling Mode 0x06 Unexpected Message 0x07 Protocol Error 0x08 Not used in SUA 0x09 Invalid Stream Identifier 0x0a Not used in SUA 0x0b Not used in SUA 0x0c Not used in SUA 0x0d Refused - Management Blocking 0x0e ASP Identifier Required 0x0f Invalid ASP Identifier 0x10 Not Used in SUA 0x11 Invalid Parameter Value 0x12 Parameter Field Error 0x13 Unexpected Parameter 0x14 Destination Status Unknown 0x15 Invalid Network Appearance 0x16 Missing Parameter 0x17 Not Used in SUA 0x18 Not Used in SUA 0x19 Invalid Routing Context 0x1a No Configured AS for ASP 0x1b Subsystem Status Unknown 0x1c Invalid loadsharing label The "Invalid Version" error is sent if a message was received with an invalid or unsupported version. The Error message contains the supported version in the Common header. The Error message could optionally provide the unsupported version in the Diagnostic information area. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 65]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The "Unsupported Message Class" error is sent if a message with an unexpected or unsupported Message Class is received. The "Unsupported Message Type" error is sent if a message with an unexpected or unsupported Message Type is received. The "Unsupported Traffic Handling Mode" error is sent by a SGP if an ASP sends an ASP Active message with an unsupported Traffic Mode Type or a Traffic Mode Type that is inconsistent with the presently configured mode for the Application Server. An example would be a case in which the SGP did not support loadsharing. The "Unexpected Message" error MAY be sent if a defined and recognized message is received that is not expected in the current state (in some cases the ASP may optionally silently discard the message and not send an Error message). For example, silent discard is used by an ASP if it received a DATA message from an SGP while it was in the ASP-INACTIVE state. If the Unexpected message contained Routing Context(s), the Routing Context(s) SHOULD be included in the Error message. The "Protocol Error" error is sent for any protocol anomaly (i.e., reception of a parameter that is syntactically correct but unexpected in the current situation. The "Invalid Stream Identifier" error is sent if a message is received on an unexpected SCTP stream. The "Refused - Management Blocking" error is sent when an ASP Up or ASP Active message is received and the request is refused for management reasons (e.g., management lockout"). If this error is in response to an ASP Active message, the Routing Context(s) in the ASP Active message SHOULD be included in the Error message. The "ASP Identifier Required" is sent by a SGP in response to an ASP Up message that does not contain an ASP Identifier parameter when the SGP requires one. The ASP SHOULD resend the ASP Up message with an ASP Identifier. The "Invalid ASP Identifier" is send by a SGP in response to an ASP Up message with an invalid ASP Identifier. The "Invalid Parameter Value" error is sent if a message is received with an invalid parameter value (e.g., a DUPU message was received with a Mask value other than "0". The "Parameter Field Error" would be sent if a message is received with a parameter having a wrong length field. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 66]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The "Unexpected Parameter" error would be sent if a message contains an invalid parameter. The "Invalid Network Appearance" error is sent by a SGP if an ASP sends a message with an invalid (not configured) Network Appearance value. For this error, the invalid (not configured) Network Appearance MUST be included in the Network Appearance parameter. The "Missing Parameter" error would be sent if a mandatory parameter were not included in a message. The "Invalid Routing Context" error would be sent by a SG if an ASP sends a message with an invalid (not configured) Routing Context value. For this error, the invalid (not configured) Routing Context(s) MUST be included in the Routing Context parameter. The "No Configured AS for ASP" error is sent if a message is received from a peer without a Routing Context parameter and it is not known by configuration data, which Application Servers are referenced. The "Destination Status Unknown" Error MAY be sent if a DAUD is received at an SG inquiring of the availability or congestion status of a destination, and the SG does not wish to provide the status (e.g., the sender is not authorized to know the status). For this error, the invalid or unauthorized Point Code(s) MUST be included along with the Network Appearance and Routing Context associated with the Point Code(s). The "Subsystem Status Unknown" Error MAY be sent if a DAUD is received at an SG inquiring of the availability or congestion status of a subsystem, and the SG does not wish to provide the status (e.g., the sender is not authorized to know the status). For this error, the invalid or unauthorized Point Code and Subsystem Number MUST be included along with the Network Appearance and Routing Context associated with the Point Code and Subsystem Number. 3.9.13. Status The Status parameter identifies the type of the status that is being notified and the Status ID. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x000D | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Status Type | Status ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 67]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The valid values for Status Type (16 bit unsigned integer) are: 1 Application Server state change (AS_State_Change) 2 Other The Status ID parameter contains more detailed information for the notification, based on the value of the Status Type. If the Status Type is AS_STATE_CHANGE, then the Status ID (16 bit unsigned integer) values are: 1 reserved 2 Application Server Inactive (AS-Inactive) 3 Application Server Active (AS-Active) 4 Application Server Pending (AS-Pending) These notifications are sent from an SGP to an ASP upon a change in status of a particular Application Server. The value reflects the new state of the Application Server. If the Status Type is "Other", then the following Status Information values are defined: 1 Insufficient ASP resources active in AS 2 Alternate ASP Active 3 ASP failure These notifications are not based on the SGP reporting the state change of an ASP or AS. In the Insufficient ASP Resources case, the SGP is indicating to an "Inactive" ASP(s) in the AS that another ASP is required to handle the load of the AS (Loadsharing mode or Broadcast mode). For the Alternate ASP Active case, an ASP is informed when an alternate ASP transitions to the ASP-Active state in Override mode. 3.9.14. Not Used in SUA Parameter ID 0x000E is not used in SUA. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 68]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.9.15. Not Used in SUA Parameter ID 0x000F is not used in SUA. 3.9.16. Not Used in SUA Parameter ID 0x0010 is not used in SUA. 3.9.17. ASP Identifier 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0011 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ASP Identifier | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ASP Identifier field: 32-bits (unsigned integer) The ASP Identifier field contains a unique value that is locally significant among the ASPs that support an AS. The SGP should save the ASP Identifier to be used, if necessary, with the Notify message (see Section 3.7.2). 3.9.18. Affected Point Code The Affected Point Code Destinations parameter contains a list of Affected Point Code fields, each a three-octet parameter to allow for 14-, 16- and 24-bit binary formatted SS7 Point Codes. Affected Point Codes that are less than 24-bits are padded on the left to the 24-bit boundary. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0012 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Mask | Affected PC 1 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / . . . / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The encoding is shown below for ANSI and ITU Point Code examples. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 69]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 ANSI 24-bit Point Code: 0 1 2 3--> 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Mask | Network | Cluster | Member | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |MSB-----------------------------------------LSB| ITU 14-bit Point Code: 0 1 2 3--> 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Mask |0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0|Zone | Region | SP | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |MSB--------------------LSB| It is OPTIONAL for an implementation to generate an Affected Point Code parameter with more than on Affected PC but the implementation MUST accept and process an Affected Point Code parameter with more than one Affected PC. Mask: 8-bits The Mask parameter can be used to identify a contiguous range of Affected Destination Point Codes, independent of the point code format. Identifying a contiguous range of Affected PCs may be useful when reception of an MTP3 management message or a linkset event simultaneously affects the availability status of a series of destinations at an SG. The Mask parameter is an integer representing a bit mask that can be applied to the related Affected PC field. The bit mask identifies how many bits of the Affected PC field are significant and which are effectively "wild-carded". For example, a mask of "8" indicates that the last eight bits of the PC is "wild-carded". For an ANSI 24-bit Affected PC, this is equivalent to signalling that all PCs in an ANSI Cluster are unavailable. A mask of "3" indicates that the last three bits of the PC is "wild-carded". For a 14-bit ITU Affected PC, this is equivalent to signalling that an ITU Region is unavailable. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 70]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.9.19. Correlation ID 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0013 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Correlation ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Correlation ID is a 32-bit identifier that is attached to CLDT messages to indicate to a newly entering ASP in a Broadcast AS where in the traffic flow of CLDT messages the ASP is joining. It is attached to the first CLDT message sent to an ASP by an SG after sending an ASP Active Ack or otherwise starting traffic to an ASP. The Correlation ID is only significant within a Routing Context. Implementation note: Correlation ID parameter can be used for features like Synchronisation of ASPs/SGPs in a Broadcast Mode AS/SG; avoid message duplication and mis-sequencing in case of failover of association from one ASP/SGP to other ASP/SGP etc. 3.9.20. Registration Result 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0018 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Routing Key Identifier | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0016 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Registration Status | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Routing Context | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Routing Key Identifier contains the same TLV formatted parameter value as found in the matching Routing Key parameter in the REG REQ message. Routing Context contains the same TLV formatted Routing Context parameter for the associated Routing Key if the registration was successful. It is set to "0" if the registration was not successful. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 71]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.9.21. Deregistration Result 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Routing Context | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0017 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Deregistration Status | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Routing Context: 32-bit integer Routing Context contains the Routing Context value of the matching Routing key to deregister, as found in the DEREG REQ message. Deregistration Status: 32-bit integer Deregistration Status parameter indicates the success or the reason for failure of the deregistration. 3.9.22. Registration Status 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0016 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Registration Status | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Registration Status: 32-bits (unsigned integer) The Registration Status field indicates the success or the reason for failure of a registration request. Its values may be: 0 Successfully Registered 1 Error - Unknown 2 Error - Invalid Destination Address 3 Error - Invalid Network Appearance 4 Error - Invalid Routing Key 5 Error - Permission Denied 6 Error - Cannot Support Unique Routing 7 Error - Routing Key not Currently Provisioned Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 72]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 8 Error - Insufficient Resources 9 Error - Unsupported RK parameter Field 10 Error - Unsupported/Invalid Traffic Mode Type 11 Error - Routing Key Change Refused 3.9.23. Deregistration Status 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0017 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Deregistration Status | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Deregistration Status: 32-bit integer The Deregistration Result Status field indicates the success or the reason for failure of the deregistration. Its values may be: 0 Successfully Deregistered 1 Error - Unknown 2 Error - Invalid Routing Context 3 Error - Permission Denied 4 Error - Not Registered 5 Error - ASP Currently Active for Routing Context 3.9.24. Local Routing Key Identifier 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0018 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Local Routing Key Identifier | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Local Routing Key Identifier field is a 32-bits unsigned integer. The Identifier value is assigned by the ASP and is used to correlate the response in a REG RSP message with the original registration request. The Identifier value must remain unique until the REG RSP message is received. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 73]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10. SUA-Specific parameters These TLV parameters are specific to the SUA protocol. Parameter Name Parameter ID ============== ============ SS7 Hop Counter 0x0101 Source Address 0x0102 Destination Address 0x0103 Source Reference Number 0x0104 Destination Reference Number 0x0105 SCCP Cause 0x0106 Sequence Number 0x0107 Receive Sequence Number 0x0108 ASP Capabilities 0x0109 Credit 0x010A Data 0x010B User/Cause 0x010C Network Appearance 0x010D Routing Key 0x010E DRN Label 0x010F TID Label 0x0110 Address Range 0x0111 SMI 0x0112 Importance 0x0113 Message Priority 0x0114 Protocol Class 0x0115 Sequence Control 0x0116 Segmentation 0x0117 Congestion Level 0x0118 Destination/Source Address Sub-Parameters =========================================== Global Title 0x8001 Point Code 0x8002 Subsystem Number 0x8003 IPv4 Address 0x8004 Hostname 0x8005 IPv6 Addresses 0x8006 Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 74]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.1. SS7 Hop counter 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0101 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | SS7 Hop Count | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ SS7 Hop Counter (3.18/Q.713) The value of the SS7 Hop Counter is decremented with each global title translation and is in the range 15 to 1. 3.10.2. Source Address 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0102 | Parameter Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Routing Indicator | Address Indicator | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Address parameter(s) / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The following combinations of address parameters are valid: - Global Title (e.g., E.164 number) + optional PC and/or SSN, SSN may be zero, when routing is done on Global Title - SSN (non-zero) + optional PC and/or Global Title, when routing is done on PC + SSN. The PC is mandatory in the source address when sending from SGP to ASP, and in the destination address when sending from ASP to SGP to reach the SS7 SEP. - Hostname + optional SSN, when routing is done by Hostname - SSN (non-zero) and optional IP address (IPv4 or IPv6) when routing is done on IP address + SSN Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 75]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.2.1. Routing Indicator The following values are valid for the routing indicator: Reserved 0 Route on Global Title 1 Route on SSN + PC 2 Route on Hostname 3 Route on SSN + IP Address 4 The routing indicator determines which address parameters need to be present in the address parameters field. 3.10.2.2. Address Indicator This parameter is needed for interworking with SS7 networks. The address indicator specifies what address parameters are actually received in the SCCP address from the SS7 network, or are to be populated in the SCCP address when the message is sent into the SS7 network. The value of the routing indicator needs to be taken into account. It is used in the ASP to SG direction. For example, the PC parameter is present in the destination address of the CLDT sent from ASP->SG, but bit 2 is set to "0" meaning "do not populate this in the SCCP called party address". The effect is that the SG only uses the PC to populate the MTP routing label DPC field, but does not include it in the SCCP called party address. In the SG->ASP direction, the source address PC parameter is present (PC of SS7 SEP). However, this may have been populated from the OPC in the received MTP routing label, not from the PC field in the SCCP calling party address. In this case, bit 2 = "0" denotes that. The AI gives further instructions to the SG how and when to populate the SCCP addresses; in the SG->ASP direction, the AI gives information to the ASP as to what was actually present in the received SCCP addresses. The address indicator is coded as follows: Bit 1 is used to indicate inclusion of the SSN 0 Do not include SSN when optional 1 Include SSN Bit 2 is used to indicate inclusion of the PC 0 Do not include PC, regardless of the routing indicator value 1 Include PC Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 76]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Bit 3 is used to indicate inclusion of the Global Title 0 Do not include GT when optional (routing indicator /= 1) 1 Include GT The remaining bits are spare and SHOULD be coded zero, and MUST be ignored by the receiver. 3.10.2.3. Global Title 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8001 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | GTI | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | No. Digits | Trans. type | Num. Plan | Nature of Add | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Global Title Digits / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Number of Digits: This is the number of digits contained in the Global Title. GTI (Global Title Indicator, defined in chapter 3.4.2.3 of Q.713). 0000 Invalid 0001 Nature of Address is taken over. It is implicitly assumed that the Translation Type = Unknown and Numbering Plan = E.164 (value 1). 0010 This is most commonly used in North American networks. The Translation Type implicitly determines Nature of Address and Numbering Plan. This data can be configured in the SG. The number of digits is always even and determined by the SCCP address length. 0011 Numbering Plan and Translation Type are taken over. It is implicitly assumed that the Nature of Address = Unknown. 0100 This format is used in international networks and most commonly in networks outside North America. All information to populate the source address is present in the SCCP Address. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 77]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Translation type: 0 Unknown 1 - 63 International services 64 - 127 Spare 128 - 254 National network specific 255 Reserved Numbering Plan: 0 unknown 1 ISDN/telephony numbering plan (Recommendations E.163 and E.164) 2 generic numbering plan 3 data numbering plan (Recommendation X.121) 4 telex numbering plan (Recommendation F.69) 5 maritime mobile numbering plan (Recommendations E.210, E.211) 6 land mobile numbering plan (Recommendation E.212) 7 ISDN/mobile numbering plan (Recommendation E.214) 8 - 13 spare 14 private network or network-specific numbering plan 15 - 126 spare 127 reserved. Nature of Address: 0 unknown 1 subscriber number 2 reserved for national use 3 national significant number 4 international number 5 - 255 Spare Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 78]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Global Title: Octets contain a number of address signals and possibly filler as shown: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |2 addr.|1 addr.|4 addr.|3 addr.|6 addr.|5 addr.|8 addr.|7 addr.| | sig. | sig. | sig. | sig. | sig. | sig. | sig. | sig. | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ............. |filler |N addr.| filler | | |if req | sig. | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ All filler bits SHOULD be set to 0. Address signals to be coded as defined in ITU-T Q.713 Section 3.4.2.3.1. 3.10.2.4. Point Code 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8002 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Point Code | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ See chapter 3.9.18 Affected Point Code for the layout of the Point Code field. 3.10.2.5. Subsystem Number 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8003 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | SSN value | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The internationally standardized SSN values are described in chapter 3.4.2.2 of Q.713. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 79]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.2.6. IP Addresses The IP address formats can use different tags. It should be noted that if the source address is in a certain IP version, the destination address should also be in the same IP version. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8004/0x8006 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / IPv4 or IPv6 Address / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Note: The tag value 0x8004 is for an IPv4 address and 0x8006 is for IPv6. 3.10.2.7. Hostname 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x8005 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Host Name / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Host Name: variable length This field contains a host name in "host name syntax" per RFC 1123 Section 2.1 [1123]. The method for resolving the host name is out of scope for this document. Note: At least one null terminator is included in the Host Name string and must be included in the length. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 80]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.3. Destination Address 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0103 | Parameter Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Routing Indicator | Address Indicator | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Address Parameter(s) / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The format of this parameter is identical to the Source Address parameter. 3.10.4. Source Reference Number 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0104 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The source reference number is a 4 octet long integer. This is allocated by the source SUA instance. 3.10.5. Destination Reference Number 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0105 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Destination Reference Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The destination reference number is a 4 octet long integer. This is allocated by the destination SUA instance. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 81]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.6. SCCP Cause 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0106 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Cause Type | Cause Value | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ This parameter bundles the SCCP parameters Release cause, Return cause, Reset cause, Error cause and Refusal cause. Cause Type can have the following values: Return Cause 0x1 Refusal Cause 0x2 Release Cause 0x3 Reset Cause 0x4 Error Cause 0x5 Cause Value contains the specific cause value. Below gives examples for ITU SCCP values. ANSI references can be found in ANSI T1.112.3 Cause value in Correspondence with Reference SUA message SCCP parameter ------------------ ----------------- --------- CLDR Return Cause ITU-T Q.713 Chap 3.12 COREF Refusal Cause ITU-T Q.713 Chap 3.15 RELRE Release Cause ITU-T Q.713 Chap 3.11 RESRE Reset Cause ITU-T Q.713 Chap 3.13 ERR Error Cause ITU-T Q.713 Chap 3.14 3.10.7. Sequence Number 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0107 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Rec Seq Num|M| Sent Seq Num | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ This parameter is used to indicate whether "more" data will follow in subsequent CODT messages, and/or to number each CODT message sequentially for the purpose of flow control. It contains the received as well as the sent sequence number, P(R) and P(S) in Q.713, chapters 3.7 and 3.9. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 82]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 As such it can also be used to acknowledge the receipt of data transfers from the peer in case of protocol class 3. Sent Sequence Number is one octet and is coded as follows: Bits 2-8 are used to indicate the Send Sequence Number P(S). Bit 1 (LSB) of octet 1 is spare. Received Sequence Number is one octet, and is coded as follows: Bits 2-8 are used to indicate the Received Sequence Number P(R). Bit 1 (LSB) is used for the more data indication, as follows: 0 no more data 1 more data 3.10.8. Receive Sequence Number 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0108 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Rec Seq Num | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ This parameter is used exclusively for protocol class 3 in the data acknowledgement message to indicate the lower edge of the receiving window. See Q.713, chapter 3.9. It is a 1 octet long integer coded as follows: Bits 8-2 are used to indicate the Received Sequence Number P(R). Bit 1 is spare. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 83]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.9. ASP Capabilities This parameter is used so that the ASP can report its capabilities regarding SUA for supporting different protocol classes and interworking scenarios. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0109 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved |0 0 0 0|a|b|c|d| Interworking | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Flags a - Protocol Class 3 b - Protocol Class 2 c - Protocol Class 1 d - Protocol Class 0 It is mandatory to support at least Protocol Class 0. Interworking Values 0x0 indicates no interworking with SS7 Networks. 0x1 indicates IP Signalling Endpoint (ASP), interworking with SS7 networks. 0x2 indicates Signalling Gateway. 0x3 indicates relay node support. 3.10.10. Credit 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010A | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Credit | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The length of the credit field is one octet. See ITU-T Q.713 Chapter 3.10. The parameter is used for protocol class 3 exclusively. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 84]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.11. Data 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010b | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ / Data / \ \ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Data parameter field contains the SS7 SCCP-User application message, for example an INAP/TCAP message. 3.10.12. User/Cause 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010c | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Cause | User | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ "User" is coded to that SCCP's SI value. There may be several SCCP's at a given point code, each with different SI values, although normally there is only one with SI = 3. Cause may take the following values 0 remote SCCP unavailable, reason unknown; 1 remote SCCP unequipped; 2 remote SCCP inaccessible; Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 85]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.13. Network Appearance 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010D | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Network Appearance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Network Appearance field: 32-bits (unsigned integer) The Network Appearance field identifies the SS7 network context for the Routing Key. The Network Appearance value is of local significance only, coordinated between the SG and ASP. Therefore, in the case where the ASP is connected to more than one SG, the same SS7 Network context may be identified by different Network Appearance values depending upon to which SG the ASP is registering. In the Routing Key, the Network Appearance identifies the SS7 Point Code and Global Title Translation Type format used, and the SCCP and possibly the SCCP-User protocol (type, variant and version) used within the specific SS7 network. 3.10.14. Routing Key 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010E | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0018 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Local Routing Key Identifier | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ \ Key parameter(s) \ / / +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Local Routing Key Identifier field: 32-bits (unsigned integer) Key field: variable Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 86]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The Key field contains the following parameters: Parameter Traffic Mode Type Optional Network Appearance Optional *1 Source Address Optional Destination Address Optional Address Range Optional Note 1: The Network Appearance parameter must be included in the Routing Key when the ASP is able to register in multiple SS7 Network contexts. 3.10.15. DRN Label 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x010F | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | start | end | label value | +---------------+---------------+-------------------------------+ The Start parameter is the start position of label, between 0 (LSB) and 23 (MSB). The End parameter is the end position of label, between 0 (LSB) and 23 (MSB). Label value is a 16-bit integer, which is unique across an AS. 3.10.16. TID Label 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0110 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | start | end | label value | +---------------+---------------+-------------------------------+ The Start parameter is the start position of label, between 0 (LSB) and 31 (MSB). The End parameter is the end position of label, between 0 (LSB) and 31 (MSB). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 87]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Label value is a 16-bit integer, which is unique across an AS. 3.10.17. Address Range 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0111 | Length | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ \ Address parameter(s) \ / / +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Address field: The Address field the following parameters: Parameter Source Address Optional *1 Destination Address Optional *1 Note 1: The Address field must contain pairs of Source Addresses or pairs of Destination Addresses but MUST NOT mix Source Addresses with Destination Addresses in the same Address field. 3.10.18. SMI 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0112 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | SMI | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Subsystem Multiplicity Indicator (SMI) can have the following values: 0x00 Reserved/Unknown 0x01 Solitary 0x02 Duplicated 0x03 Triplicated 0x04 Quadruplicated 0xff Unspecified Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 88]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.19. Importance 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0113 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Importance | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Importance (3.19/Q.713) Possible values of the Importance Parameter are between 0 and 7, where the value of 0 indicates the least important and 7 indicates the most important. 3.10.20. Message Priority (or Priority) 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0114 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Msg Priority | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Priority Priority value ranges from 0 to 3. If the Priority value has not been specified by the SCCP user, it should be set to 0xFF. The SG MAY take the priority into account for determining the MTP message priority. In the all-IP case, this parameter MAY be used. The Message Priority parameter is optional in the CLDT, CLDR, CORE, COAK and CODT messages. However, for networks, which support Message Priority (e.g., ANSI), this parameter MUST be included but it is not required for those which don't (e.g., International). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 89]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.21. Protocol Class 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0115 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Protocol Cl. | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Protocol class (3.6/Q.713) Bits 1-2 indicate the protocol class. Value Description 0 Class 0 (connectionless service) 1 Class 1 (connectionless service) 2 Class 2 (connection-oriented service) 3 Class 3 (connection-oriented service) Bit 8 indicates the use of the return on error procedure. Value Description 0x0 No special options 0x1 Return message on error Bits 3-7 are spare and SHOULD be coded zero, and MUST be ignored by the receiver. 3.10.22. Sequence Control 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0116 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence Control | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Sequence Control (6.2.2.2.2/Q.711) The field is coded with the value of the sequence control parameter associated with a group of messages and are chosen so as to ensure proper loadsharing of message groups over SLS values while ensuring that sequence control values within message groups have the sequence control value coded with the same value as the initial message of the message group. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 90]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 3.10.23. Segmentation 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0117 | Length = 32 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | first/remain | Segmentation Reference | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The first/remaining segments field is formatted as follows: bit 8 (MSB): indicates whether this is the first segment (1) or not (0) bits 1-7: indicate the number of remaining segments, value between 0 and 15 The field would thus be coded 1000 0000 (first, no remaining segments) for a unsegmented CLDT. The segmentation reference field is a 3 byte integer, assigned by the ASP. 3.10.24. Congestion Level 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Tag = 0x0118 | Length = 8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Congestion Level | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Congestion Level field: 8-bits (unsigned integer) The Congestion Level field contains the level at which congestion has occurred. When the Congestion Level parameter is included in a SCON message that corresponds to an N-PCSTATE primitive, the Congestion Level field indicates the MTP congestion level experienced by the local or affected signalling point as indicated by the Affected Point Code(s) also in the SCON message. In this case, valid values for the Congestion Level field are as follows: 0 No Congestion or Undefined 1 Congestion Level 1 2 Congestion Level 2 3 Congestion Level 3 Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 91]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 When the Congestion Level parameter is included in a SCON message that corresponds to an N-STATE primitive, the Congestion Level field indicates the SCCP restricted importance level experienced by the local or affected subsystem as indicated by the Affected Point Code and Subsystem Number also in the SCON message. In this case, valid values for the Congestion Level field range from 0 to 7, where 0 indicates the least congested and 7 indicates the most congested subsystem. 4. Procedures The SUA layer needs to respond to various local primitives it receives from other layers as well as the messages that it receives from the peer SUA layer. This section describes the SUA procedures in response to these events. 4.1. Procedures to Support the SUA-User Layer 4.1.1. Receipt of Primitives from SCCP When an SCCP Subsystem Management (SCMG) message is received from the SS7 network, the SGP needs to determine whether there are concerned Application Servers interested in subsystem status changes. The SUA management function is informed with the N-State or N-Coord primitive upon which it formats and transfers the applicable SNMM message to the list of concerned ASPs using stream ID "0". When MTP-3 Management indications are received (MTP-PAUSE, MTP- RESUME, MTP-STATUS), SCCP Subsystem Management determines whether there are concerned local SCCP-users. When these local SCCP-users are in fact Application Servers, serviced by ASPs, SUA management is informed with the N-PCSTATE indication primitive upon which it formats and transfers the applicable SNM message (DUNA, DAVA, DRST or SCON) to the list of concerned ASPs using stream ID "0". The SUA message distribution function determines the Application Server (AS) based on comparing the information in the N-UNITDATA request primitive with a provisioned Routing Key. From the list of ASPs within the AS table, an ASP in the ASP-ACTIVE state is selected and a DATA message is constructed and issued on the corresponding SCTP association. If more than one ASP is in the ASP- ACTIVE state (i.e., traffic is to be load-shared across more than one ASP), one of the ASPs in the ASP_ACTIVE state is selected from the list. If the ASPs are in Broadcast Mode, all active ASPs will be selected and the message sent to each of the active ASPs. The selection algorithm is implementation dependent but could, for example, be round robin or based on the SLS. The appropriate Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 92]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 selection algorithm must be chosen carefully as it is dependent on application assumptions and understanding of the degree of state coordination between the ASP_ACTIVE ASPs in the AS. In addition, the message needs to be sent on the appropriate SCTP stream, again taking care to meet the message sequencing needs of the signalling application. DATA messages MUST be sent on an SCTP stream other than stream '0' when there is more than one stream. When there is no Routing Key match, or only a partial match, for an incoming SS7 message, a default treatment MAY be specified. Possible solutions are to provide a default Application Server at the SGP that directs all unallocated traffic to a (set of) default ASP(s), or to drop the message and provide a notification to Layer Management in an M-ERROR indication primitive. The treatment of unallocated traffic is implementation dependent. 4.2. Receipt of Primitives from the Layer Management On receiving primitives from the local Layer Management, the SUA layer will take the requested action and provide an appropriate response primitive to Layer Management. An M-SCTP_ESTABLISH request primitive from Layer Management at an ASP or IPSP will initiate the establishment of an SCTP association. The SUA layer will attempt to establish an SCTP association with the remote SUA peer by sending an SCTP-ASSOCIATE primitive to the local SCTP layer. When an SCTP association has been successfully established, the SCTP will send an SCTP-COMMUNICATION_UP notification primitive to the local SUA layer. At the ASP or IPSP that initiated the request, the SUA layer will send an M-SCTP_ESTABLISH confirm primitive to Layer Management when the association setup is complete. At the peer SUA layer, an M-SCTP_ESTABLISH indication primitive is sent to Layer Management upon successful completion of an incoming SCTP association setup. An M-SCTP_RELEASE request primitive from Layer Management initiates the shutdown of an SCTP association. The SUA layer accomplishes a graceful shutdown of the SCTP association by sending an SCTP-SHUTDOWN primitive to the SCTP layer. When the graceful shutdown of the SCTP association has been accomplished, the SCTP layer returns an SCTP-SHUTDOWN_COMPLETE notification primitive to the local SUA layer. At the SUA Layer that initiated the request, the SUA layer will send an M-SCTP_RELEASE confirm primitive to Layer Management when the association shutdown Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 93]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 is complete. At the peer SUA Layer, an M-SCTP_RELEASE indication primitive is sent to Layer Management upon abort or successful shutdown of an SCTP association. An M-SCTP_STATUS request primitive supports a Layer Management query of the local status of a particular SCTP association. The SUA layer simply maps the M-SCTP_STATUS request primitive to an SCTP-STATUS primitive to the SCTP layer. When the SCTP responds, the SUA layer maps the association status information to an M-SCTP_STATUS confirm primitive. No peer protocol is invoked. Similar LM-to-SUA-to-SCTP and/or SCTP-to-SUA-to-LM primitive mappings can be described for the various other SCTP Upper Layer primitives in RFC 2960 [2960] such as INITIALIZE, SET PRIMARY, CHANGE HEARTBEAT, REQUEST HEARTBEAT, GET SRTT REPORT, SET FAILURE THRESHOLD, SET PROTOCOL PARAMETERS, DESTROY SCTP INSTANCE, SEND FAILURE, AND NETWORK STATUS CHANGE. Alternatively, these SCTP Upper Layer primitives (and Status as well) can be considered for modeling purposes as a Layer Management interaction directly with the SCTP Layer. M-NOTIFY indication and M-ERROR indication primitives indicate to Layer Management the notification or error information contained in a received SUA Notify or Error message respectively. These indications can also be generated based on local SUA events. An M-ASP_STATUS request primitive supports a Layer Management query of the status of a particular local or remote ASP. The SUA layer responds with the status in an M-ASP_STATUS confirm primitive. No SUA peer protocol is invoked. An M-AS_STATUS request supports a Layer Management query of the status of a particular AS. The SUA responds with an M-AS_STATUS confirm primitive. No SUA peer protocol is invoked. M-ASP_UP request, M-ASP_DOWN request, M-ASP_ACTIVE request and M- ASP_INACTIVE request primitives allow Layer Management at an ASP to initiate state changes. Upon successful completion, a corresponding confirm primitive is provided by the SUA layer to Layer Management. If an invocation is unsuccessful, an Error indication primitive is provided in the primitive. These requests result in outgoing ASP Up, ASP Down, ASP Active and ASP Inactive messages to the remote SUA peer at an SGP or IPSP. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 94]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 4.2.1. Receipt of SUA Peer Management Messages Upon successful state changes resulting from reception of ASP Up, ASP Down, ASP Active and ASP Inactive messages from a peer SUA, the SUA layer MAY invoke corresponding M-ASP_UP, M-ASP_DOWN, M-ASP_ACTIVE and M-ASP_INACTIVE, M-AS_ACTIVE, M-AS_INACTIVE, and M-AS_DOWN indication primitives to the local Layer Management. M-NOTIFY indication and M-ERROR indication primitives indicate to Layer Management the notification or error information contained in a received SUA Notify or Error message. These indications can also be generated based on local SUA events. All non-Transfer and non-SSNM messages, except BEAT and BEAT Ack, SHOULD be sent with sequenced delivery to ensure ordering. All non- Transfer messages, with the exception of ASPTM, BEAT and BEAT Ack messages SHOULD be sent on SCTP stream '0'. ASPTM messages MAY be sent on one of the streams used to carry data traffic related to the Routing Context(s), to minimize possible message loss. BEAT and BEAT Ack messages MAY be sent using out-of-order delivery, and MAY be sent on any stream. 4.3. AS and ASP State Maintenance The SUA layer on the SGP maintains the state of each remote ASP, in each Application Server that the ASP is configured to receive traffic, as input to the SUA message distribution function. Similarly, where IPSPs use SUA in a point-to-point fashion, the SUA layer in an IPSP maintains the state of remote IPSPs. Two IPSP models are defined with regards to the number of messages that are needed to a IPSP state change. They are defined as follows: 1. IPSP Single Exchange (SE) model. Only a single exchange of ASPTM or ASPSM messages is needed to change the IPSP state. This means that a set of request from one end and acknowledge from the other will be enough. 2. IPSP Double Exchange (DE) model. Both IPSPs have to send request messages and both IPSPs have to acknowledge the request messages from the other end. This results in a double exchange of ASPTM and ASPSM message, one from each end. This configuration supports dynamic routing key configuration by using RKM messages in the same way as ASP-SGP scenario. To ensure interoperability, an SUA implementation supporting IPSP communication MUST support IPSP SE model and MAY implement IPSP DE model. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 95]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 In section 4.3.1: ASP/IPSP States, only the SGP-ASP and the IPSP SE scenarios are described. For the IPSP DE model, both IPSPs MUST follow the SGP side of the SGP-ASP procedures. In section 4.3.2, only the SGP-ASP scenario is described. All of the procedures referring to an AS served by ASPs are also applicable to ASs served by IPSPs. In section 4.3.3, only the Management procedures for the SGP-ASP scenario are described. The corresponding Management procedures for IPSPs are directly inferred. The remaining sections contain specific IPSP Considerations subsections. 4.3.1. ASP States The state of each remote ASP/IPSP, in each AS that it is configured to operate, is maintained in the peer SUA layer (i.e., in the SGP or peer IPSP, respectively). The state of a particular ASP/IPSP in a particular AS changes due to events. The events include: * Reception of messages from the peer SUA layer at the ASP/IPSP; * Reception of some messages from the peer SUA layer at other ASPs/IPSPs in the AS (e.g., ASP Active message indicating "Override"); * Reception of indications from the SCTP layer; or * Local Management intervention. The ASP/IPSP state transition diagram is shown in Figure 1. The possible states of an ASP/IPSP are: ASP-DOWN: The remote SUA peer at the ASP/IPSP is unavailable and/or the related SCTP association is down. Initially all ASPs/IPSPs will be in this state. An ASP/IPSP in this state SHOULD NOT be sent any SUA messages, with the exception of Heartbeat, ASP Down Ack and Error messages. ASP-INACTIVE: The remote SUA peer at the ASP/IPSP is available (and the related SCTP association is up) but application traffic is stopped. In this state the ASP/IPSP SHOULD NOT be sent any DATA or SSNM messages for the AS for which the ASP/IPSP is inactive. ASP-ACTIVE: The remote SUA peer at the ASP/IPSP is available and application traffic is active (for a particular Routing Context or set of Routing Contexts). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 96]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Figure 1: ASP/IPSP State Transition Diagram, per AS +--------------+ | | +----------------------| ASP-ACTIVE | | Other ASP/ +-------| | | IPSP in AS | +--------------+ | Overrides | ^ | | | ASPAC/ | | ASPIA/ | |[ASPAC-Ack]| | [ASPIA-Ack] | | | v | | +--------------+ | | | | | +------>| ASP-INACTIVE | | | | | +--------------+ | ^ | ASPDN/ | | | ASPDN / [ASPDN-Ack/]| ASPUP/ | | [ASPDN-Ack /] SCTP CDI/ | [ASPUP-Ack] | | SCTP CDI/ SCTP RI | | | SCTP RI | | v | +--------------+ | | | +--------------------->| ASP-DOWN | | | +--------------+ The transitions in brackets are just valid for the IPSP SE model communication while the rest are valid for both ASPs and IPSPs. SCTP CDI: The SCTP CDI denotes the local SCTP layer's Communication Down Indication to the Upper Layer Protocol (SUA) on an SGP. The local SCTP layer will send this indication when it detects the loss of connectivity to the ASP's peer SCTP layer. SCTP CDI is understood as either a SHUTDOWN_COMPLETE notification or COMMUNICATION_LOST notification from the SCTP layer. SCTP RI: The local SCTP layer's Restart indication to the upper layer protocol (SUA) on an SG. The local SCTP will send this indication when it detects a restart from the ASP's peer SCTP layer. 4.3.2. AS States The state of the AS is maintained in the SUA layer on the SGP. The state of an AS changes due to events. These events include: Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 97]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 * ASP state transitions * Recovery timer triggers The possible states of an AS are: AS-DOWN: The Application Server is unavailable. This state implies that all related ASPs are in the ASP-DOWN state for this AS. Initially the AS will be in this state. An Application Server is in the AS-DOWN state before it can be removed from a configuration. AS-INACTIVE: The Application Server is available but no application traffic is active (i.e., one or more related ASPs are in the ASP-INACTIVE state, but none in the ASP-ACTIVE state). The recovery timer T(r) is not running or has expired. AS-ACTIVE : The Application Server is available and application traffic is active. This state implies that at least one ASP is in the ASP-ACTIVE state. AS-PENDING: An active ASP has transitioned to ASP-INACTIVE or ASP- DOWN and it was the last remaining active ASP in the AS. A recovery timer T(r) SHOULD be started and all incoming signalling messages SHOULD be queued by the SGP. If an ASP becomes ASP-ACTIVE before T(r) expires, the AS is moved to the AS-ACTIVE state and all the queued messages will be sent to the ASP. If T(r) expires before an ASP becomes ASP-ACTIVE, and the SGP has no alternative, the SGP may stop queueing messages and discard all previously queued messages. The AS will move to the AS-INACTIVE state if at least one ASP is in ASP-INACTIVE state, otherwise it will move to AS-DOWN state. Figure 2 shows an example AS state machine for the case where the AS/ASP data is provisioned. For other cases where the AS/ASP configuration data is created dynamically, there would be differences in the state machine, especially at creation of the AS. For example, where the AS/ASP configuration data is not created until Registration of the first ASP, the AS-INACTIVE state is entered directly upon the first successful REG REQ from an ASP. Another example is where the AS/ASP configuration data is not created until the first ASP successfully enters the ASP-ACTIVE state. In this case the AS-ACTIVE state is entered directly. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 98]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Figure 2: AS State Transition Diagram +----------+ one ASP trans to ACTIVE +-------------+ | AS- |---------------------------->| AS- | | INACTIVE | | ACTIVE | | |<--- | | +----------+ \ +-------------+ ^ | \ Tr Expiry, ^ | | | \ at least one | | | | \ ASP in ASP-INACTIVE | | | | \ | | | | \ | | | | \ | | one ASP | | all ASP \ one ASP | | Last ACTIVE trans | | trans to \ trans to | | ASP trans to to | | ASP-DOWN -------\ ASP- | | ASP-INACTIVE ASP- | | \ ACTIVE | | or ASP-DOWN INACTIVE| | \ | | (start Tr) | | \ | | | | \ | | | v \ | v +----------+ \ +-------------+ | | --| | | AS-DOWN | | AS-PENDING | | | | (queueing) | | |<----------------------------| | +----------+ Tr Expiry and no ASP +-------------+ in ASP-INACTIVE state Tr = Recovery Timer 4.3.2.1. IPSP Considerations The AS state diagram for the AS-SG case is applicable for IPSP communication. 4.3.3. SUA Management Procedures for Primitives Before the establishment of an SCTP association the ASP state at both the SGP and ASP is assumed to be in the state ASP-DOWN. Once the SCTP association is established (see Section 4.2.1) and assuming that the local SUA-User is ready, the local SUA ASP Maintenance (ASPM) function will initiate the relevant procedures, using the ASP Up/ASP Down/ASP Active/ASP Inactive messages to convey the ASP state to the SGP (see Section 4.3.4). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 99]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 If the SUA layer subsequently receives an SCTP-COMMUNICATION_DOWN or SCTP-RESTART indication primitive from the underlying SCTP layer, it will inform the Layer Management by invoking the M-SCTP_STATUS indication primitive. The state of the ASP will be moved to ASP- DOWN. In the case of SCTP-COMMUNICATION_DOWN, the SCTP client MAY try to reestablish the SCTP association. This MAY be done by the SUA layer automatically, or Layer Management MAY reestablish using the M- SCTP_ESTABLISH request primitive. In the case of an SCTP-RESTART indication at an ASP, the ASP is now considered by its SUA peer to be in the ASP-DOWN state. The ASP, if it is to recover, must begin any recovery with the ASP-Up procedure. 4.3.4. ASPM Procedures for Peer-to-Peer Messages 4.3.4.1. ASP Up Procedures After an ASP has successfully established an SCTP association to an SGP, the SGP waits for the ASP to send an ASP Up message, indicating that the ASP SUA peer is available. The ASP is always the initiator of the ASP Up message. This action MAY be initiated at the ASP by an M-ASP_UP request primitive from Layer Management or MAY be initiated automatically by an SUA management function. When an ASP Up message is received at an SGP and internally the remote ASP is in the ASP-DOWN state and not considered locked-out for local management reasons, the SGP marks the remote ASP in the state ASP-INACTIVE and informs Layer Management with an M-ASP_Up indication primitive. If the SGP is aware, via current configuration data, which Application Servers the ASP is configured to operate in, the SGP updates the ASP state to ASP-INACTIVE in each AS that it is a member. Alternatively, the SGP may move the ASP into a pool of Inactive ASPs available for future configuration within Application Server(s), determined in a subsequent Registration Request or ASP Active procedure. If the ASP Up message contains an ASP Identifier, the SGP should save the ASP Identifier for that ASP. The SGP MUST send an ASP Up Ack message in response to a received ASP Up message even if the ASP is already marked as ASP-INACTIVE at the SGP. If for any local reason (e.g., management lock-out) the SGP cannot respond with an ASP Up Ack message, the SGP responds to an ASP Up message with an Error message with Reason "Refused - Management Blocking". Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 100]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 At the ASP, the ASP Up Ack message received is not acknowledged. Layer Management is informed with an M-ASP_UP confirm primitive. When the ASP sends an ASP Up message it starts timer T(ack). If the ASP does not receive a response to an ASP Up message within T(ack), the ASP MAY restart T(ack) and resend ASP Up messages until it receives an ASP Up Ack message. T(ack) is provisioned, with a default of 2 seconds. Alternatively, retransmission of ASP Up messages MAY be put under control of Layer Management. In this method, expiry of T(ack) results in an M-ASP_UP confirm primitive carrying a negative indication. The ASP must wait for the ASP Up Ack message before sending any other SUA messages (e.g., ASP Active or REG REQ). If the SGP receives any other SUA messages before ASPUP message is received (other than ASPDN - see section 4.3.4.2), the SGP SHOULD discard them. If an ASP Up message is received and internally the remote ASP is in the ASP-ACTIVE state, an ASP Up Ack message is returned, as well as an Error message ("Unexpected Message), and the remote ASP state is changed to ASP-INACTIVE in all relevant Application Servers. If an ASP Up message is received and internally the remote ASP is already in the ASP-INACTIVE state, an ASP Up Ack message is returned and no further action is taken. 4.3.4.1.1. SUA Version Control If an ASP Up message with an unsupported version is received, the receiving end responds with an Error message, indicating the version the receiving node supports and notifies Layer Management. This is useful when protocol version upgrades are being performed in a network. A node upgraded to a newer version should support the older versions used on other nodes it is communicating with. Because ASPs initiate the ASP Up procedure it is assumed that the Error message would normally come from the SGP. 4.3.4.1.2. IPSP Considerations An IPSP may be considered in the ASP-INACTIVE state after and ASPUP or ASPUP Ack has been received from it. An IPSP can be considered in the ASP-DOWN state after an ASPDN or ASPDN Ack has been received from it. The IPSP may inform Layer Management of the change in state of the remote IPSP using M-ASP_UP or M-ASP_DN indication or confirmation primitives. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 101]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Alternatively, when using IPSP DE model, an interchange of ASP Up messages from each end MUST be performed. Four messages are needed for completion. If for any local reason (e.g., management lock-out) and IPSP cannot respond to an ASP Up message with an ASP Up Ack message, it responds to an ASP Up message with an Error message with Reason "Refused - Management Blocking" and leaves the remote IPSP in the ASP-DOWN state. 4.3.4.2. ASP Down Procedures The ASP will send an ASP Down message to an SGP when the ASP wishes to be removed from service in all Application Servers that it is a member and no longer receive any Connectionless or Connection - Oriented, SSNM or ASPTM messages. This action MAY be initiated at the ASP by an M-ASP_DOWN request primitive from Layer Management or MAY be initiated automatically by an SUA management function. Whether the ASP is permanently removed from any AS is a function of configuration management. In the case where the ASP previously used the Registration procedures (see Section 4.4.1) to register within Application Servers but has not deregistered from all of them prior to sending the ASP Down message, the SGP MUST consider the ASP as deregistered in all Application Servers that it is still a member. The SGP marks the ASP as ASP-DOWN, informs Layer Management with an M-ASP_Down indication primitive, and returns an ASP Down Ack message to the ASP. The SGP MUST send an ASP Down Ack message in response to a received ASP Down message from the ASP even if the ASP is already marked as ASP-DOWN at the SGP. At the ASP, the ASP Down Ack message received is not acknowledged. Layer Management is informed with an M-ASP_DOWN confirm primitive. If the ASP receives an ASP Down Ack without having sent an ASP Down message, the ASP should now consider itself as in the ASP-DOWN state. If the ASP was previously in the ASP-ACTIVE or ASP_INACTIVE state, the ASP should then initiate procedures to return itself to its previous state. When the ASP sends an ASP Down message it starts timer T(ack). If the ASP does not receive a response to an ASP Down message within T(ack), the ASP MAY restart T(ack) and resend ASP Down messages until it receives an ASP Down Ack message. T(ack) is provisioned, with a default of 2 seconds. Alternatively, retransmission of ASP Down Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 102]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 messages MAY be put under control of Layer Management. In this method, expiry of T(ack) results in an M-ASP_DOWN confirm primitive carrying a negative indication. 4.3.4.3. ASP Active Procedures Anytime after the ASP has received an ASP Up Ack message from the SGP or IPSP, the ASP MAY send an ASP Active message to the SGP indicating that the ASP is ready to start processing traffic. This action MAY be initiated at the ASP by an M-ASP_ACTIVE request primitive from Layer Management or MAY be initiated automatically by an SUA management function. In the case where an ASP wishes to process the traffic for more than one Application Server across a common SCTP association, the ASP Active message(s) SHOULD contain a list of one or more Routing Contexts to indicate for which Application Servers the ASP Active message applies. It is not necessary for the ASP to include all Routing Contexts of interest in a single ASP Active message, thus requesting to become active in all Routing Contexts at the same time. Multiple ASP Active messages MAY be used to activate within the Application Servers independently, or in sets. In the case where an ASP Active message does not contain a Routing Context parameter, the receiver must know, via configuration data, which Application Server(s) the ASP is a member. For the Application Servers that the ASP can be successfully activated, the SGP or IPSP responds with one or more ASP Active Ack messages, including the associated Routing Context(s) and reflecting any Traffic Mode Type value present in the related ASP Active message. The Routing Context parameter MUST be included in the ASP Active Ack message(s) if the received ASP Active message contained any Routing Contexts. Depending on any Traffic Mode Type request in the ASP Active message, or local configuration data if there is no request, the SGP moves the ASP to the correct ASP traffic state within the associated Application Server(s). Layer Management is informed with an M-ASP_Active indication. If the SGP or IPSP receives any Data messages before an ASP Active message is received, the SGP or IPSP MAY discard them. By sending an ASP Active Ack message, the SGP or IPSP is now ready to receive and send traffic for the related Routing Context(s). The ASP SHOULD NOT send Data or SSNM messages for the related Routing Context(s) before receiving an ASP Active Ack message, or it will risk message loss. Multiple ASP Active Ack messages MAY be used in response to an ASP Active message containing multiple Routing Contexts, allowing the SGP or IPSP to independently acknowledge the ASP Active message for different (sets of) Routing Contexts. The SGP or IPSP MUST send an Error message ("Invalid Routing Context") for each Routing Context value that cannot be successfully activated. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 103]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 In the case where an "out-of-the-blue" ASP Active message is received (i.e., the ASP has not registered with the SG or the SG has no static configuration data for the ASP), the message MAY be silently discarded. The SGP MUST send an ASP Active Ack message in response to a received ASP Active message from the ASP, if the ASP is already marked in the ASP-ACTIVE state at the SGP. At the ASP, the ASP Active Ack message received is not acknowledged. Layer Management is informed with an M-ASP_ACTIVE confirm primitive. It is possible for the ASP to receive Data message(s) before the ASP Active Ack message as the ASP Active Ack and Data messages from an SG or IPSP may be sent on different SCTP streams. Message loss is possible, as the ASP does not consider itself in the ASP-ACTIVE state until reception of the ASP Active Ack message. When the ASP sends an ASP Active message it starts timer T(ack). If the ASP does not receive a response to an ASP Active message within T(ack), the ASP MAY restart T(ack) and resend ASP Active messages until it receives an ASP Active Ack message. T(ack) is provisioned, with a default of 2 seconds. Alternatively, retransmission of ASP Active messages MAY be put under control of Layer Management. In this method, expiry of T(ack) results in an M-ASP_ACTIVE confirm primitive carrying a negative indication. There are three modes of Application Server traffic handling in the SGP SUA layer: Override, Loadshare and Broadcast. When included, the Traffic Mode Type parameter in the ASP Active message indicates the traffic-handling mode to be used in a particular Application Server. If the SGP determines that the mode indicated in an ASP Active message is unsupported or incompatible with the mode currently configured for the AS, the SGP responds with an Error message ("Unsupported / Invalid Traffic Handling Mode"). If the traffic- handling mode of the Application Server is not already known via configuration data, then the traffic-handling mode indicated in the first ASP Active message causing the transition of the Application Server state to AS-ACTIVE MAY be used to set the mode. In the case of an Override mode AS, reception of an ASP Active message at an SGP causes the (re)direction of all traffic for the AS to the ASP that sent the ASP Active message. Any previously active ASP in the AS is now considered to be in state ASP-INACTIVE and SHOULD no longer receive traffic from the SGP within the AS. The SGP or IPSP then MUST send a Notify message ("Alternate ASP Active") to the previously active ASP in the AS, and SHOULD stop traffic to/from Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 104]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 that ASP. The ASP receiving this Notify MUST consider itself now in the ASP-INACTIVE state, if it is not already aware of this via inter-ASP communication with the Overriding ASP. In the case of a Loadshare mode AS, reception of an ASP Active message at an SGP or IPSP causes the direction of traffic to the ASP sending the ASP Active message, in addition to all the other ASPs that are currently active in the AS. The algorithm at the SGP for loadsharing traffic within an AS to all the active ASPs is implementation dependent. The algorithm could, for example, be round robin or based on information in the Data message (e.g., the SLS or SSN). An SGP or IPSP, upon reception of an ASP Active message for the first ASP in a Loadshare AS, MAY choose not to direct traffic to a newly active ASP until it determines that there are sufficient resources to handle the expected load (e.g., until there are "n" ASPs in state ASP-ACTIVE in the AS). All ASPs within a load-sharing mode AS must be able to process any Data message received for the AS, to accommodate any potential fail- over or rebalancing of the offered load. In the case of a Broadcast mode AS, reception of an ASP Active message at an SGP or IPSP causes the direction of traffic to the ASP sending the ASP Active message, in addition to all the other ASPs that are currently active in the AS. The algorithm at the SGP for broadcasting traffic within an AS to all the active ASPs is a simple broadcast algorithm, where every message is sent to each of the active ASPs. An SGP or IPSP, upon reception of an ASP Active message for the first ASP in a Broadcast AS, MAY choose not to direct traffic to a newly active ASP until it determines that there are sufficient resources to handle the expected load (e.g., until there are "n" ASPs in state ASP-ACTIVE in the AS). Whenever an ASP in a Broadcast mode AS becomes ASP-ACTIVE, the SGP MUST tag the first DATA message broadcast in each traffic flow with a unique Correlation Id parameter. The purpose of this Correlation Id is to permit the newly active ASP to synchronize its processing of traffic in each traffic flow with the other ASPs in the broadcast group. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 105]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 4.3.4.3.1. IPSP Considerations Either of the IPSPs can initiate communication. When an IPSP receives an ASP Active, it should mark the peer as ASP-ACTIVE and return an ASP Active Ack message. An ASP receiving an ASP Active Ack message may mark the peer as ASP-Active, if it is not already in the ASP-ACTIVE state. Alternatively, when using IPSP DE model, an interchange of ASP Active messages from each end MUST be performed. Four messages are needed for completion. 4.3.4.4. ASP Inactive Procedures When an ASP wishes to withdraw from receiving traffic within an AS, or the ASP wants to initiate the process of deactivation, the ASP sends an ASP Inactive message to the SGP or IPSP. An ASP Inactive message MUST be always responded by the peer (although other messages may be sent in the middle): - If the corresponding RK is registered (statically or dynamically), the peer should respond with an ASP Inactive Ack message. - If the RK is not registered, or the RC information is not valid, the peer must respond with an ERROR message with Error Code = "Invalid Routing Context". - If the RC is missing and its specification is needed according to the used configuration, the peer must respond with an ERROR message with Error Code = "No Configured AS for ASP". The action of sending the ASP Inactive message MAY be initiated at the ASP by an M-ASP_INACTIVE request primitive from Layer Management or MAY be initiated automatically by an SUA management function. In the case where an ASP is processing the traffic for more than one Application Server across a common SCTP association, the ASP Inactive message contains one or more Routing Contexts to indicate for which Application Servers the ASP Inactive message applies. In the case where an ASP Inactive message does not contain a Routing Context parameter, the receiver must know, via configuration data, which Application Servers the ASP is a member and move the ASP to the ASP-INACTIVE state in each all Application Servers. In the case of an Override mode AS, where another ASP has already taken over the traffic within the AS with an ASP Active ("Override") message, the ASP that sends the ASP Inactive message is already Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 106]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 considered by the SGP to be in state ASP-INACTIVE. An ASP Inactive Ack message is sent to the ASP, after ensuring that all traffic is stopped to the ASP. In the case of a Loadshare mode AS, the SGP moves the ASP to the ASP-INACTIVE state and the AS traffic is reallocated across the remaining ASPs in the state ASP-ACTIVE, as per the loadsharing algorithm currently used within the AS. A Notify message ("Insufficient ASP resources active in AS") MAY be sent to all inactive ASPs, if required. An ASP Inactive Ack message is sent to the ASP after all traffic is halted and Layer Management is informed with an M-ASP_INACTIVE indication primitive. In the case of a Broadcast mode AS, the SGP moves the ASP to the ASP-INACTIVE state and the AS traffic is broadcast only to the remaining ASPs in the state ASP-ACTIVE. A Notify message ("Insufficient ASP resources active in AS") MAY be sent to all inactive ASPs, if required. An ASP Inactive Ack message is sent to the ASP after all traffic is halted and Layer Management is informed with an M-ASP_INACTIVE indication primitive. Multiple ASP Inactive Ack messages MAY be used in response to an ASP Inactive message containing multiple Routing Contexts, allowing the SGP or IPSP to independently acknowledge for different (sets of) Routing Contexts. The SGP or IPSP sends an Error message ("Invalid Routing Context") message for each invalid or not configured Routing Context value in a received ASP Inactive message. The SGP MUST send an ASP Inactive Ack message in response to a received ASP Inactive message from the ASP and the ASP is already marked as ASP-INACTIVE at the SGP. At the ASP, the ASP Inactive Ack message received is not acknowledged. Layer Management is informed with an M-ASP_INACTIVE confirm primitive. If the ASP receives an ASP Inactive Ack without having sent an ASP Inactive message, the ASP should now consider itself as in the ASP-INACTIVE state. If the ASP was previously in the ASP-ACTIVE state, the ASP should then initiate procedures to return itself to its previous state. When the ASP sends an ASP Inactive message it starts timer T(ack). If the ASP does not receive a response to an ASP Inactive message within T(ack), the ASP MAY restart T(ack) and resend ASP Inactive messages until it receives an ASP Inactive Ack message. T(ack) is provisioned, with a default of 2 seconds. Alternatively, retransmission of ASP Inactive messages MAY be put under control of Layer Management. In this method, expiry of T(ack) results in a M-ASP_Inactive confirm primitive carrying a negative indication. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 107]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 If no other ASPs in the Application Server are in the state ASP- ACTIVE, the SGP MUST send a Notify message ("AS-Pending") to all of the ASPs in the AS which are in the state ASP-INACTIVE. The SGP SHOULD start buffering the incoming messages for T(r) seconds, after which messages MAY be discarded. T(r) is configurable by the network operator. If the SGP receives an ASP Active message from an ASP in the AS before expiry of T(r), the buffered traffic is directed to that ASP and the timer is cancelled. If T(r) expires, the AS is moved to the AS-INACTIVE state. 4.3.4.4.1. IPSP Considerations An IPSP may be considered in the ASP-INACTIVE state by a remote IPSP after an ASP Inactive or ASP Inactive Ack message has been received from it. Alternatively, when using IPSP DE model, an interchange of ASP Inactive messages from each end MUST be performed. Four messages are needed for completion. 4.3.4.5. Notify Procedures A Notify message reflecting a change in the AS state MUST be sent to all ASPs in the AS, except those in the ASP-DOWN state, with appropriate Status Information and any ASP Identifier of the failed ASP. At the ASP, Layer Management is informed with an M-NOTIFY indication primitive. The Notify message must be sent whether the AS state change was a result of an ASP failure or reception of an ASP State management (ASPSM) / ASP Traffic Management (ASPTM) message. In the second case, the Notify message MUST be sent after any ASP State or Traffic Management related acknowledgement messages (e.g., ASP Up Ack, ASP Down Ack, ASP Active Ack, or ASP Inactive Ack). In the case where a Notify ("AS-PENDING") message is sent by an SGP that now has no ASPs active to service the traffic, or where a Notify ("Insufficient ASP resources active in AS") message MUST be sent in the Loadshare or Broadcast mode, the Notify message does not explicitly compel the ASP(s) receiving the message to become active. The ASPs remain in control of what (and when) traffic action is taken. In the case where a Notify message does not contain a Routing Context parameter, the receiver must know, via configuration data, of which Application Servers the ASP is a member and take the appropriate action in each AS. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 108]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 4.3.4.5.1. IPSP Considerations (NTFY) Notify works in the same manner as in the SG-AS case. One of the IPSPs can send this message to any remote IPSP that is not in the ASP-DOWN state. 4.3.4.6. Heartbeat Procedures The optional Heartbeat procedures MAY be used when operating over transport layers that do not have their own heartbeat mechanism for detecting loss of the transport association (i.e., other than SCTP). Either SUA peer may optionally send Heartbeat messages periodically, subject to a provisioned timer T(beat). Upon receiving a Heartbeat message, the SUA peer MUST respond with a Heartbeat Ack message. If no Heartbeat Ack message (or any other SUA message) is received from the SUA peer within 2*T(beat), the remote SUA peer is considered unavailable. Transmission of Heartbeat messages is stopped and the signalling process SHOULD attempt to reestablish communication if it is configured as the client for the disconnected SUA peer. The Heartbeat message may optionally contain an opaque Heartbeat Data parameter that MUST be echoed back unchanged in the related Heartbeat Ack message. The sender, upon examining the contents of the returned Heartbeat Ack message, MAY choose to consider the remote SUA peer as unavailable. The contents/format of the Heartbeat Data parameter is implementation-dependent and only of local interest to the original sender. The contents may be used, for example, to support a Heartbeat sequence algorithm (to detect missing Heartbeats), and/or a timestamp mechanism (to evaluate delays). Note: Heartbeat related events are not shown in Figure 2 "ASP state transition diagram". 4.4. Routing Key Management Procedures 4.4.1. Registration An ASP MAY dynamically register with an SGP as an ASP within an Application Server using the REG REQ message. A Routing Key parameter in the REG REQ message specifies the parameters associated with the Routing Key. The SGP examines the contents of the received Routing Key parameter and compares it with the currently provisioned Routing Keys. If the received Routing Key matches an existing SGP Routing Key entry, and the ASP is not currently included in the list of ASPs for the related Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 109]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Application Server, the SGP MAY authorize the ASP to be added to the AS. Or, if the Routing Key does not currently exist and the received Routing Key data is valid and unique, an SGP supporting dynamic configuration MAY authorize the creation of a new Routing Key and related Application Server and add the ASP to the new AS. In either case, the SGP returns a Registration Response message to the ASP, containing the same Local-RK-Identifier as provided in the initial request, and a Registration Result "Successfully Registered". A unique Routing Context value assigned to the SGP Routing Key is included. The method of Routing Context value assignment at the SGP is implementation dependent but must be guaranteed to be unique for each Application Server or Routing Key supported by the SGP. If the SGP determines that the received Routing Key data is invalid, or contains invalid parameter values, the SGP returns a Registration Response message to the ASP, containing a Registration Result "Error - Invalid Routing Key", "Error - Invalid DPC", "Error - Invalid Network Appearance" as appropriate. If the SGP does not support the registration procedure, the SGP returns an Error message to the ASP, with an error code of "Unsupported Message Type". If the SGP determines that a unique Routing Key cannot be created, the SGP returns a Registration Response message to the ASP, with a Registration Status of "Error - Cannot Support Unique Routing". An incoming signalling message received at an SGP should not match against more than one Routing Key. If the SGP does not authorize the registration request, the SGP returns a REG RSP message to the ASP containing the Registration Result "Error - Permission Denied". If an SGP determines that a received Routing Key does not currently exist and the SGP does not support dynamic configuration, the SGP returns a Registration Response message to the ASP, containing a Registration Result "Error - Routing Key not Currently Provisioned". If an SGP determines that a received Routing Key does not currently exist and the SGP supports dynamic configuration but does not have the capacity to add new Routing Key and Application Server entries, the SGP returns a Registration Response message to the ASP, containing a Registration Result "Error - Insufficient Resources". If an SGP determines that one or more of the Routing Key parameters are not supported for the purpose of creating new Routing Key entries, the SGP returns a Registration Response message to the ASP, Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 110]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 containing a Registration Result "Error - Unsupported RK parameter field". This result MAY be used if, for example, the SGP does not support RK Address parameter. A Registration Response "Error - Unsupported Traffic Handling Mode" is returned if the Routing Key in the REG REQ contains a Traffic Handling Mode that is inconsistent with the presently configured mode for the matching Application Server. An ASP MAY register multiple Routing Keys at once by including a number of Routing Key parameters in a single REG REQ message. The SGP MAY respond to each registration request in a single REG RSP message, indicating the success or failure result for each Routing Key in a separate Registration Result parameter. Alternatively the SGP MAY respond with multiple REG RSP messages, each with one or more Registration Result parameters. The ASP uses the Local-RK-Identifier parameter to correlate the requests with the responses. An ASP MAY modify an existing Routing Key by including a Routing Context parameter in the REG REQ. If the SGP determines that the Routing Context applies to an existing Routing Key, the SG MAY adjust the existing Routing Key to match the new information provided in the Routing Key parameter. A Registration Response "Routing Key Change Refused" is returned if the SGP does not accept the modification of the Routing Key. Upon successful registration of an ASP in an AS, the SGP can now send related SS7 Signalling Network Management messaging, if this did not previously start upon the ASP transitioning to state ASP-INACTIVE. 4.4.2. Deregistration An ASP MAY dynamically deregister with an SGP as an ASP within an Application Server using the DEREG REQ message. A Routing Context parameter in the DEREG REQ message specifies which Routing Keys to deregister. An ASP SHOULD move to the ASP-INACTIVE state for an Application Server before attempting to deregister the Routing Key (i.e., deregister after receiving an ASP Inactive Ack). Also, an ASP SHOULD deregister from all Application Servers that it is a member before attempting to move to the ASP-Down state. The SGP examines the contents of the received Routing Context parameter and validates that the ASP is currently registered in the Application Server(s) related to the included Routing Context(s). If validated, the ASP is deregistered as an ASP in the related Application Server. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 111]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The deregistration procedure does not necessarily imply the deletion of Routing Key and Application Server configuration data at the SGP. Other ASPs may continue to be associated with the Application Server, in which case the Routing Key data SHOULD NOT be deleted. If a Deregistration results in no more ASPs in an Application Server, an SGP MAY delete the Routing Key data. The SGP acknowledges the deregistration request by returning a DEREG RSP message to the requesting ASP. The result of the deregistration is found in the Deregistration Result parameter, indicating success or failure with cause. An ASP MAY deregister multiple Routing Contexts at once by including a number of Routing Contexts in a single DEREG REQ message. The SGP MAY respond to each deregistration request in a single DEREG RSP message, indicating the success or failure result for each Routing Context in a separate Deregistration Result parameter. 4.4.3. IPSP Considerations (REG/DEREG) The Registration/Deregistration procedures work in the IPSP cases in the same way as in AS-SG cases. An IPSP may register an RK in the remote IPSP. An IPSP is responsible for deregistering the RKs that it has registered. 4.5. Availability and/or Congestion Status of SS7 Destination Support 4.5.1. At an SGP On receiving a N-STATE, N-PCSTATE and N-INFORM indication primitive from the nodal interworking function at an SGP, the SGP SUA layer will send a corresponding SS7 Signalling Network Management (SNM) DUNA, DAVA, SCON, or DUPU message (see Section 3.4) to the SUA peers at concerned ASPs. The SUA layer must fill in various fields of the SNM messages consistently with the information received in the primitives. The SGP SUA layer determines the set of concerned ASPs to be informed based on the specific SS7 network for which the primitive indication is relevant. In this way, all ASPs configured to send/receive traffic within a particular network appearance are informed. If the SGP operates within a single SS7 network appearance, then all ASPs are informed. DUNA, DAVA, SCON, and DRST messages are sent sequentially and processed at the receiver in the order sent. SCTP stream 0 SHOULD NOT be used. The Unordered bit in the SCTP DATA chunk MAY be used for the SCON message. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 112]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Sequencing is not required for the DUPU or DAUD messages, which MAY be sent unordered. SCTP stream 0 is used, with optional use of the Unordered bit in the SCTP DATA chunk. 4.5.2. At an ASP 4.5.2.1. Single SG Configurations At an ASP, upon receiving an SS7 Signalling Network Management (SSNM) message from the remote SUA Peer, the SUA layer invokes the appropriate primitive indications to the resident SUA-Users. Local management is informed. In the case where a local event has caused the unavailability or congestion status of SS7 destinations, the SUA layer at the ASP SHOULD pass up appropriate indications in the primitives to the SUA User, as though equivalent SSNM messages were received. For example, the loss of an SCTP association to an SGP may cause the unavailability of a set of SS7 destinations. N-PCSTATE indication primitives to the SUA User are appropriate. Implementation Note: To accomplish this, the SUA layer at an ASP maintains the status of routes via the SG. 4.5.2.2. Multiple SG Configurations At an ASP, upon receiving a Signalling Network Management message from the remote SUA Peer, the SUA layer updates the status of the affected route(s) via the originating SG and determines, whether or not the overall availability or congestion status of the effected destination(s) has changed. If so, the SUA layer invokes the appropriate primitive indications to the resident SUA-Users. Local management is informed. 4.5.3. ASP Auditing An ASP may optionally initiate an audit procedure to inquire of an SGP the availability and, if the national congestion method with multiple congestion levels and message priorities is used, congestion status of an SS7 destination or set of destinations. A Destination Audit (DAUD) message is sent from the ASP to the SGP requesting the current availability and congestion status of one or more SS7 destinations or subsystems. The DAUD message MAY be sent unordered. The ASP MAY send the DAUD in the following cases: Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 113]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 - Periodic. A Timer originally set upon reception of a DUNA, SCON or DRST message has expired without a subsequent DAVA, DUNA, SCON or DRST message updating the availability/congestion status of the affected Destination Point Code. The Timer is reset upon issuing a DAUD. In this case the DAUD is sent to the SGP that originally sent the SSNM message. - Isolation. The ASP is newly ASP-ACTIVE or has been isolated from an SGP for an extended period. The ASP MAY request the availability/congestion status of one or more SS7 destinations to which it expects to communicate. Implementation Note: In the first of the cases above, the auditing procedure must not be invoked for the case of a received SCON message containing a congestion level value of "no congestion" or undefined" (i.e., congestion Level = "0"). This is because the value indicates either congestion abatement or that the ITU MTP3 international congestion method is being used. In the international congestion method, the MTP3 layer at the SGP does not maintain the congestion status of any destinations and therefore the SGP cannot provide any congestion information in response to the DAUD. For the same reason, in the second of the cases above a DAUD message cannot reveal any congested destination(s). The SGP SHOULD respond to a DAUD message with the availability and congestion status of the subsystem. The status of each SS7 destination or subsystem requested is indicated in a DUNA message (if unavailable), a DAVA message (if available), or a DRST (if restricted and the SGP supports this feature). If the SS7 destination or subsystem is available and congested, the SGP responds with an SCON message in addition to the DAVA message. If the SS7 destination or subsystem is restricted and congested, the SGP responds with an SCON message in addition to the DRST. If the SGP has no information on the availability / congestion status of the SS7 destination or subsystem, the SGP responds with a DUNA message, as it has no routing information to allow it to route traffic to this destination or subsystem. An SG MAY refuse to provide the availability or congestion status of a destination or subsystem if, for example, the ASP is not authorized to know the status of the destination or subsystem. The SG MAY respond with an Error Message (Error Code = "Destination Status Unknown") or Error Message (Error Code = "Subsystem Status Unknown"). Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 114]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 4.6. MTP3 Restart In the case where the MTP3 in the SG undergoes an MTP restart, event communication SHOULD be handled as follows: When the SG discovers SS7 network isolation, the SGPs send an indication to all concerned available ASPs (i.e., ASPs in the ASP- ACTIVE state) using DUNA messages for the concerned destinations. When the SG has completed the MTP Restart procedure, the SUA layer at the SGPs inform all concerned ASPs in the ASP-ACTIVE state of any available/restricted SS7 destinations using the DAVA/DRST message. No message is necessary for those destinations still unavailable after the restart procedure. When the SUA layer at an ASP receives a DUNA message indicating SS7 destination unavailability at an SG, SCCP Users will receive an N- PCSTATE indication and will stop any affected traffic to this destination. When the SUA receives a DAVA/DRST message, SCCP Users will receive an N-PCSTATE indication and can resume traffic to the newly available SS7 destination via this SGP, provided the ASP is in the ASP-ACTIVE state toward this SGP. The ASP MAY choose to audit the availability of unavailable destinations by sending DAUD messages. This would be for example the case when an AS becomes active at an ASP and does not have current destination statuses. If MTP restart is in progress at the SG, the SGP returns a DUNA message for that destination, even if it received an indication that the destination became available or restricted. 4.7. SCCP - SUA Interworking at the SG 4.7.1. Segmenting / Reassembly When it is expected that signalling messages will not fit into a PDU of the most restrictive transport technology used (e.g., 272-SIF of MTP3), then segmenting/reassembly could be performed at the SG, ASP or IPSP. If the SG, ASP or IPSP is incapable of performing a necessary segmentation/reassembly, it can inform the peer of the failure using the appropriate error in a CLDR or RESRE/COERR message. 4.7.2. Support for Loadsharing Within an AS (identified by RK/RC parameters) several loadsharing ASPs may be active. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 115]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 However, to assure the correct processing of TCAP transactions or SCCP connections, the loadsharing scheme used at the SG must make sure that messages continuing or ending the transactions/connections arrive at the same ASP where the initial message (TC_Query, TC_Begin, CR) was sent to/received from. When the ASP can be identified uniquely based on RK parameters (e.g., unique DPC or GT), loadsharing is not required. When the ASPs in the AS share state or use an internal distribution mechanism, the SG must only take into account the in-sequence-delivery requirement. In case of SCCP CO traffic, when the coupled approach is used, loadsharing of messages other than CR is not required. If these assumptions cannot be made, both SG and ASP should support the following general procedure in a loadsharing environment. 4.7.2.1. Association Setup, ASP going active After association setup and registration, an ASP normally goes active for each AS it registered for. In the ASPAC message, the ASP includes a TID and/or DRN Label Parameter, if applicable for the AS in question. All the ASPs within the AS must specify a unique label at a fixed position in the TID or DRN parameter. The same ASPAC message is sent to each SG used for interworking with the SS7 network. The SG builds, per RK, a list of ASPs that have registered for it. The SG can now build up and update a distribution table for a certain Routing Context, any time the association is (re-)established and the ASP goes active. The SG has to perform some trivial plausibility checks on the parameters: - Start and End parameters values are between 0 and 31 for TID. - Start and End parameters values are between 0 and 23 for DRN - 0 < (Start - End + 1) <= 16 (label length maximum 16-bit) - Start values are the same for each ASP within a RC - End values are the same for each ASP within a RC - TID and DRN Label values must be unique across the RC If any of these checks fail, the SG refuses the ASPAC request, with an error, "Invalid loadsharing label." Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 116]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 4.7.3. Routing and message distribution at the SG 4.7.3.1. TCAP traffic Messages not containing a destination (or "responding") TID, i.e., Query, Begin, Unidirectional, are loadshared among the available ASPs. Any scheme permitting a fair load distribution among the ASPs is allowed (e.g., round robin). When a destination TID is present, the SG extracts the label and selects the ASP that corresponds with it. If an ASP is not available, the SG may generate (X)UDTS "routing failure", if the return option is used. 4.7.3.2. SCCP Connection Oriented traffic Messages not containing a destination reference number (DRN), i.e., a Connection Request, MAY be loadshared among the available ASPs. The load distribution mechanism is an implementation issue. When a DRN is present, the SG extracts the label and selects the ASP that corresponds with it. If an ASP is not available, the SG discards the message. 4.7.4. Multiple SGs, SUA Relay Function It is important that each ASP send its unique label (within the AS) to each SGP. For a better robustness against association failures, the SGs MAY cooperate to provide alternative routes toward an ASP. Mechanisms for SG cooperation/coordination are outside of the scope of this document. 5. Examples of SUA Procedures The following sequence charts overview the procedures of SUA. These are meant as examples, they do not, in and of themselves, impose additional requirements upon an instance of SUA. 5.1. SG Architecture The sequences below outline logical steps for a variety of scenarios within a SG architecture. Please note that these scenarios cover a Primary/Backup configuration. Where there is a load-sharing configuration then the SGP can declare availability when 1 ASP issues ASPAC but can only declare unavailability when all ASPs have issued ASPIA. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 117]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 5.1.1. Establishment of SUA connectivity The following is established before traffic can flow. Each node is configured (via MIB, for example) with the connections that need to be setup. ASP-a1 ASP-a2 SG SEP (Primary) (Backup) |------Establish SCTP Association------| |--Estab. SCTP Ass--| |--Align SS7 link---| +----------------ASP Up----------------> <--------------ASP Up Ack--------------+ +------ASP Up-------> <---ASP Up Ack------+ +-------------ASP Active---------------> <----------ASP Active Ack--------------+ <----------NTFY (ASP Active)-----------+ <-NTFY (ASP Active)-+ +--------SSA--------> <--------SSA--------+ <-----------------DAVA-----------------+ +-----------------CLDT-----------------> +--------UDT--------> 5.1.2. Fail-over scenarios The following sequences address fail-over of SEP and ASP. 5.1.2.1. SEP Fail-over The SEP knows that the SGP is 'concerned' about its availability. Similarly, the SGP knows that ASP-a1 is concerned about the SEPs availability. ASP-a1 ASP-a2 SG SEP (Primary) (Backup) <--------SSP--------+ <-----------------DUNA-----------------+ +-----------------DAUD-----------------> +--------SST--------> Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 118]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 5.1.2.2. Successful ASP Fail-over scenario The following is an example of a successful fail-over scenario, where there is a fail-over from ASP-a1 to ASP-a2, i.e., Primary to Backup. During the fail-over, the SGP buffers any incoming data messages from the SEP, forwarding them when the Backup becomes available. ASP-a1 ASP-a2 SG SEP (Primary) (Backup) +-------------ASP Inactive-------------> <-----------ASP Inactive ACK-----------+ <--------------------NTFY (AS Pending)-+ <-NTFY (AS Pending)-+ +----ASP Active-----> <--ASP Active Ack---+ <-NTFY (AS Active)--+ <----------NTFY (AS Active)------------+ 5.1.2.3. Unsuccessful ASP Fail-over scenario ASP-a1 ASP-a2 SG SEP (Primary) (Backup) +-------------ASP Inactive-------------> <-----------ASP Inactive ACK-----------+ <--------------------NTFY (AS Pending)-+ <--NTFY (AS Pending)-+ After some time elapses (i.e., timeout). +--------SSP--------> <--------SST--------+ <-------------------NTFY (AS Inactive)-+ <-NTFY (AS Inactive)-+ 5.2. IPSP Examples The sequences below outline logical steps for a variety of scenarios within an IP-IP architecture. Please note that these scenarios cover a Primary/Backup configuration. Where there is a load-sharing configuration then the AS can declare availability when 1 ASP issues ASPAC but can only declare unavailability when all ASPs have issued ASPIA. 5.2.1. Establishment of SUA connectivity The following shows an example establishment of SUA connectivity. In this example, each IPSP consists of an Application Server and two ASPs. The following is established before SUA traffic can flow. A connectionless flow is shown for simplicity. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 119]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Establish SCTP Connectivity - as per RFC 2960. Note that SCTP connections are bidirectional. The endpoint that establishes SCTP connectivity MUST also establish UA connectivity (see RFC 2960, section 5.2.1 for handling collisions) [2960]. IP SEP A IP SEP B AS A AS B ASP-a1 ASP-a2 ASP-b2 ASP-b1 [All ASPs are in the ASP-DOWN state] +-------------------------------ASP Up--------------------------> <-----------------------------ASP Up Ack------------------------+ +--------------ASP Up---------------> <------------ASP Up Ack-------------+ +---------------------------ACTIVE-------------------------------> <-------------------------ACTIVE Ack-----------------------------+ [Traffic can now flow directly between ASPs] +-----------------------------CLDT-------------------------------> 5.2.2. Fail-over scenarios The following sequences address fail-over of ASP. 5.2.2.1. Successful ASP Fail-over scenario The following is an example of a successful fail-over scenario, where there is a fail-over from ASP-a1 to ASP-a2, i.e., Primary to Backup. Since data transfer passes directly between peer ASPs, ASP-b1 is notified of the fail-over of ASP-a1 and buffers outgoing data messages until ASP-a2 becomes available. IP SEP A IP SEP B ASP-a1 ASP-a2 ASP-b2 ASP-b1 +-----------------------------ASP Inact------------------------> <---------------------------ASP Inact Ack----------------------+ <---------------NTFY (ASP-a1 Inactive)--------------+ +---------------------ASP Act-----------------------> <-------------------ASP Act Ack---------------------+ Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 120]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 5.2.2.2. Unsuccessful ASP Fail-over scenario The sequence is the same as 5.2.2.1 except that, since the backup fails to come in then, the Notify messages declaring the availability of the backup are not sent. 6. Security Considerations The security considerations discussed for the 'Security Considerations for SIGTRAN Protocols' [3788] document apply to this document. 7. IANA Considerations 7.1. SCTP Payload Protocol ID IANA has assigned a SUA value for the Payload Protocol Identifier in the SCTP DATA chunk. The following SCTP Payload Protocol Identifier is registered: SUA "4" The SCTP Payload Protocol Identifier value "4" SHOULD be included in each SCTP DATA chunk, to indicate that the SCTP is carrying the SUA protocol. The value "0" (unspecified) is also allowed but any other values MUST not be used. This Payload Protocol Identifier is not directly used by SCTP but MAY be used by certain network entities to identify the type of information being carried in a DATA chunk. The User Adaptation peer MAY use the Payload Protocol Identifier, as a way of determining additional information about the data being presented to it by SCTP. 7.2. Port Number IANA has registered SCTP Port Number 14001 for SUA. It is recommended that SGPs use this SCTP port number for listening for new connections. SGPs MAY also use statically configured SCTP port numbers instead. 7.3. Protocol Extensions This protocol may also be extended through IANA in three ways: - Through definition of additional message classes. - Through definition of additional message types. - Through definition of additional message parameters. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 121]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 The definition and use of new message classes, types and parameters is an integral part of SIGTRAN adaptation layers. Thus, these extensions are assigned by IANA through an IETF Consensus action as defined in [2434]. The proposed extension MUST in no way adversely affect the general working of the protocol. A new registry has been created by IANA to allow the protocol to be extended. 7.3.1. IETF Defined Message Classes The documentation for a new message class MUST include the following information: (a) A long and short name for the message class; (b) A detailed description of the purpose of the message class. 7.3.2. IETF Defined Message Types Documentation of the message type MUST contain the following information: (a) A long and short name for the new message type; (b) A detailed description of the structure of the message. (c) A detailed definition and description of intended use of each field within the message. (d) A detailed procedural description of the use of the new message type within the operation of the protocol. (e) A detailed description of error conditions when receiving this message type. When an implementation receives a message type which it does not support, it MUST respond with an Error (ERR) message, with an Error Code = Unsupported Message Type. 7.3.4. IETF-defined TLV Parameter Extension Documentation of the message parameter MUST contain the following information: (a) Name of the parameter type. (b) Detailed description of the structure of the parameter field. This structure MUST conform to the general type-length-value format described earlier in the document. (c) Detailed definition of each component of the parameter value. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 122]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 (d) Detailed description of the intended use of this parameter type, and an indication of whether and under what circumstances multiple instances of this parameter type may be found within the same message type. 8. Timer Values Ta 2 seconds Tr 2 seconds T(ack) 2 seconds T(ias) Inactivity Send timer 7 minutes T(iar) Inactivity Receive timer 15 minutes T(beat) Heartbeat Timer 30 seconds 9. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank (in alphabetical order) Richard Adams, Javier Pastor-Balbas, Andrew Booth, Martin Booyens, F. Escobar, S. Furniss Klaus Gradischnig, Miguel A. Garcia, Marja-Liisa Hamalainen, Sherry Karl, S. Lorusso, Markus Maanoja, Sandeep Mahajan, Ken Morneault, Guy Mousseau, Chirayu Patel, Michael Purcell, W. Sully, Michael Tuexen, Al Varney, Tim Vetter, Antonio Villena, Ben Wilson, Michael Wright and James Yu for their insightful comments and suggestions. 10. References 10.1. Normative References [1123] Braden, R., Ed., "Requirements for Internet Hosts - Application and Support", STD 3, RFC 1123, October 1989. [2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [2960] Stewart, R., Xie, Q., Morneault, K., Sharp, C., Schwarzbauer, H., Taylor, T., Rytina, I., Kalla, M., Zhang, L., and V. Paxson, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC 2960, October 2000. [3629] Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646", STD 63, RFC 3629, November 2003. [3788] Loughney, J., Tuexen, M., Ed., and J. Pastor-Balbas, "Security Considerations for Signaling Transport (SIGTRAN) Protocols", RFC 3788, June 2004. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 123]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 [ANSI SCCP] ANSI T1.112 "Signalling System Number 7 - Signalling Connection Control Part". [ITU SCCP] ITU-T Recommendations Q.711-714, "Signalling System No. 7 (SS7) - Signalling Connection Control Part (SCCP)." ITU-T Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU, formerly CCITT, Geneva (July 1996). 10.2. Informative References [2434] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434, October 1998. [2719] Ong, L., Rytina, I., Garcia, M., Schwarzbauer, H., Coene, L., Lin, H., Juhasz, I., Holdrege, M., and C. Sharp, "Framework Architecture for Signalling Transport", RFC 2719, October 1999. [3761] Falstrom, P. and M. Mealling, "The E.164 to Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Application (ENUM)", RFC 3761, April 2004. [ANSI TCAP] ANSI T1.114 'Signalling System Number 7 - Transaction Capabilities Application Part' [ITU TCAP] ITU-T Recommendation Q.771-775 'Signalling System No. 7 SS7) - Transaction Capabilities (TCAP).' [RANAP] 3G TS 25.413 V3.5.0 (2001-03) 'Technical Specification 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; UTRAN Iu Interface RANAP Signalling' Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 124]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Appendix A. Signalling Network Architecture A.1. Generalized Peer-to-Peer Network Architecture Figure 3 shows an example network architecture that can support robust operation and fail-over. There needs to be some management resources at the AS to manage traffic. *********** * AS1 * * +-----+ * SCTP Associations * |ASP1 +-------------------+ * +-----+ * | *********** * * | * AS3 * * +-----+ * | * +-----+ * * |ASP2 +-----------------------------------------+ASP1 | * * +-----+ * | * +-----+ * * * | * * * +-----+ * | * +-----+ * * |ASP3 | * +--------------------------+ASP2 | * * +-----+ * | | * +-----+ * *********** | | *********** | | *********** | | *********** * AS2 * | | * AS4 * * +-----+ * | | * +-----+ * * |ASP1 +--------------+ +---------------------+ASP1 | * * +-----+ * * +-----+ * * * * * * +-----+ * * +-----+ * * |ASP2 +-----------------------------------------+ASP1 | * * +-----+ * * +-----+ * * * *********** * +-----+ * * |ASP3 | * * +-----+ * * * *********** Figure 3: Generalized Architecture In this example, the Application Servers are shown residing within one logical box, with ASPs located inside. In fact, an AS could be distributed among several hosts. In such a scenario, the host should share state as protection in the case of a failure. This is out of scope of this protocol. Additionally, in a distributed system, one ASP could be registered to more than one AS. This document should not restrict such systems - though such a case in not specified. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 125]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 A.2. Signalling Gateway Network Architecture When interworking between SS7 and IP domains is needed, the SGP acts as the gateway node between the SS7 network and the IP network. The SGP will transport SCCP-user signalling traffic from the SS7 network to the IP-based signalling nodes (for example IP-resident Databases). The Signalling Gateway can be considered as a group of Application Servers with additional functionality to interface toward an SS7 network. The SUA protocol should be flexible enough to allow different configurations and transport technology to allow the network operators to meet their operation, management and performance requirements. An ASP may be connected to multiple SGPs (see figure 4). In such a case, a particular SS7 destination may be reachable via more than SG, therefore, more than one route. Given that proper SLS selection, loadsharing, and SG selection based on point code availability is performed at the ASP, it will be necessary for the ASP to maintain the status of each distant SGPs to which it communicates on the basis of the SG through which it may route. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 126]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Signalling Gateway SCTP Associations +----------+ ************** | SG1 | * AS3 * | ******** | * ******** * | * SGP11+--------------------------------------------+ ASP1 * * | ******** | / * ******** * | ******** | | * ******** * | * SGP12+--------------------------------------------+ ASP2 * * | ******** | \ / | * ******** * +----------+ \ | | * . * \ | | * . * +---------- \ | | * . * | SG2 | \ | | * . * | ******** | \ | | * ******** * | * SGP21+---------------------------------+-+ * * ASPN * * | ******** | \ * ******** * | ******** | \ ************** | * SGP22+---+--+ \ | ******** | | | \ ************** +----------+ | | \ * AS4 * | | \ * ******** * | +-------------------------------------+ ASP1 * * | * ******** * | * . * | * . * | * * | * ******** * +----------------------------------------+ ASPn * * * ******** * ************** Figure 4: Signalling Gateway Architecture The pair of SGs can either operate as replicated endpoints or as replicated relay points from the SS7 network point of view. Replicated endpoints: the coupling between the SGs and the ASPs when the SGs act as replicated endpoints is an implementation issue. Replicated relay points: in normal circumstances, the path from SEP to ASP will always go via the same SGP when in-sequence-delivery is requested. However, linkset failures may cause MTP to reroute to the other SG. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 127]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 A.3. Signalling Gateway Message Distribution Recommendations A.3.1. Connectionless Transport By means of configuration, the SG knows the local SCCP-user is actually represented by an AS, and serviced by a set of ASPs working in n+k redundancy mode. An ASP is selected and a CLDT message is sent on the appropriate SCTP association/stream. The selection criterion can be based on a round robin mechanism, or any other method that guarantees a balanced loadsharing over the active ASPs. However, when TCAP messages are transported, load sharing is only possible for the first message in a TCAP dialogue (TC_Begin, TC_Query, TC_Unidirectional). All other TCAP messages in the same dialogue are sent to the same ASP that was selected for the first message, unless the ASPs are able to share state and maintain sequenced delivery. To this end, the SGP needs to know the TID allocation policy of the ASPs in a single AS: - State sharing - Fixed range of TIDs per ASP in the AS This information may be provisioned in the SG, or may be dynamically exchanged via the ASP_Active message. An example for an INAP/TCAP message exchange between SEP and ASP is given below. Address information in CLDT message (e.g., TC_Query) from SGP to ASP, with association ID = SG-ASP, Stream ID based on sequence control and possibly other parameters, e.g., OPC: - Routing Context: based on SS7 Network ID and AS membership, so that the message can be transported to the correct ASP. - Source address: valid combination of SSN, PC and GT, as needed for back routing to the SEP. - Destination address: at least SSN, to select the SCCP/SUA-user at the ASP. Address information in CLDT message (e.g., TC_Response) from ASP to SG, with association ID = ASP-SG, stream ID selected by implementation dependent means with regards to in-sequence-delivery: - Routing Context: as received in previous message. - Source address: unique address provided so that when used as the SCCP called party address in the SEP, it must yield the same AS, the SSN might be sufficient. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 128]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 - Destination address: copied from source address in received CLDT message. Further messages from the SEP belonging to the same TCAP transaction will now reach the same ASP. A.3.2. Connection-Oriented Transport Further messages for this connection are routed on DPC in the SS7 connection section (MTP routing label), and on IP address in the IP connection section (SCTP header). No other routing information is present in the SCCP or SUA messages themselves. Resources are kept within the SG to forward messages from one section to another and to populate the MTP routing label or SCTP header, based on the destination local reference of these messages (Connect Confirm, Data Transfer, etc.) This means that in the SG, two local references are allocated, one 3-byte value used for the SS7 section and one 4-byte value for the IP section. Also a resource containing the connection data for both sections is allocated, and either of the two local references can be used to retrieve this data e.g., for an incoming DT1 or CODT, for example. Authors' Addresses John Loughney Nokia Research Center PO Box 407 FIN-00045 Nokia Group Finland EMail: john.Loughney@nokia.com Greg Sidebottom Signatus Technologies Kanata, Ontario Canada EMail: greg@signatustechnologies.com Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 129]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Lode Coene Siemens n.v. Atealaan 34 B-2200 Herentals Belgium Phone: +32-14-252081 EMail: lode.coene@siemens.com Gery Verwimp Siemens n.v. 34 Atealaan PO 2200 Herentals Belgium Phone: +32 14 25 3424 EMail: gery.verwimp@siemens.com Joe Keller Tekelec 5200 Paramount Parkway Morrisville, NC 27560 USA EMail: joe.keller@tekelec.com Brian Bidulock OpenSS7 Corporation 1469 Jeffreys Crescent Edmonton, AB T6L 6T1 Canada Phone: +1 780 490 1141 EMail: bidulock@openss7.org Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 130]
RFC 3868 SUA October 2004 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf- ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Loughney, et al. Standards Track [Page 131]

   

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